Capt. Riley led a fascinating after the war. He personally saved Monroe County from bankruptcy in the 1870's, a time of dire financial conditions. After the death of his wife, Capt. Riley took an African-American woman as his consort and fathered several children by her. The Riley home still stands along side Alabama 21 north of the Riley's Crossing intersection with Alabama 47 and is owned by the black Riley heirs.
Capt. Riley is buried at Turnbull Cemetery.