The Alabama in the Civil War Message Board

Re: 16th Alabama
In Response To: 16th Alabama ()

You may procure copies of his service record files, abstracted below, through the service noted in the Red enclosed box above.

W. C. Cross, Surgeon, 16th Alabama Infantry, absent sick June 28, 1862
M311 Compiled Service Records of Confederate Soldiers Who Served in Organizations from the State of Alabama

William C. Cross, appointed Surgeon, 16th Alabama Infantry October 30, 1861, date of confirmation, April 4, 1863, stationed at Beech Grove, Kentucky December, 1861, June 6, 1864, "Appointed a member of Examination Board of Gamble Hospital* to examine all patients in the hospital and report such as all able for duty, especial attention as to the fitness of officers for duty is directed," relieved from duty at Newman, Ga.. August 16/18, 1864, and report to Bragg Hospital at Americus, Ga. for duty, posted to an Army of Tennessee hospital at Meridian, Mississippi February 1865, gave his Parole of Honor to the United States May 12, 1865 at Meridian, Mississippi
M331 Compiled Service Records of Confederate General and Staff Officers, and Nonregimental Enlisted Men

* In Newnan between 1862 and 1865 were seven Confederate hospitals Bragg, Buckner, "College Temple", "Coweta House," Foard, Gamble and Pinson's Springs. More than 10,000 Confederate sick and wounded and about 200 Federal soldiers wounded in the Battle of Brown's Mill were cared for in these hospitals and in private homes. The hospitals were directed and supervised by Samuel H. Stout, Army Medical Director Department of Tennessee. Loyal men and women of the county rendered valuable aid.

The Sixteenth Alabama infantry was organized at Courtland,August,

It was assigned to General Zollicoffer's brigade, and its first
battle was at Fishing Creek or Mill Spring, Ky., January 19 and
20, 1862. It was at Shiloh, April 6th and 7th; Triune, December
27th; Murfreesboro, December 31 to January 2, 1863; in the
retreat from Tullahoma to Chattanooga, June 23rd to July 4th;
Chickamauga, September 19th and 20th; Missionary Ridge, November
23rd to 25th; Ringgold, November 27th; in all the great battles
under Johnston and Hood during the eventful campaign in 1864, and
was particularly distinguished at Jonesboro, August 31st and
September 1st, where it met with very severe loss.

It participated in the fights at Buzzard Roost, Tunnel Hill and
Rocky Face Ridge, February 25 to 27, 1864; around Dalton, May 8th
to 12th; Resaca, May 13th to 16th; Adairsville, May 17th;
Cassville, May 19th to 22nd; Pickett's Mill, May 27th; Kenesaw
Mountain, June 9th to 30th; Peachtree Creek, July 20th; Atlanta,
July 22nd, where it carried the enemy's works by assault and
captured two stands of colors.

It was also prominent in the battle of Franklin, November 30th,
and of Nashville, December 15th and 16th.

Among the distinguished killed were its very gallant colonels,
Fred A. Ashford and Brice Wilson at Franklin, Maj. J. H.
McGaughey at Chickamauga, Capt. Robert M. Gregor at Nashville,
Lieut. Wm. A. Patton at Shiloh, Lieuts. David E. Bentley, R. W.
Garland, Lewis E. Jackson, Robt. W. Roebuck and Benj. H. Russell
at Murfreesboro. Col. William B. Wood, who afterward became
eminent on the bench as circuit judge, was the first colonel. He
was succeeded by Cols. Alexander H. Helvenston and Frederick A.
Ashford. I ts lieutenant colonels were John H. McGaughey, Joseph
J. May and John W. Harris.

Source: Confederate Military History, vol. VIII, p. 106

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