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Re: Lewis C. Baugh of the Civil War

There is but one muster roll for Company I of the 54th Alabama. Unfortunately we are unable to follow his war record.

Lewis C. Baugh, Private, Company I, 54th Alabama Infantry, enlisted September 20, 1863 at Athens, Alabama. last recorded present on the January & February, 1864 muster roll, this regiment was consolidated about April 9, 1865, with the 37th and 43rd Regiments Alabama Infantry and formed the 37th Regiment Alabama Infantry (consolidated}


Lewis C. Baugh, Private, Company F, 37th Alabama Infantry, appears on a muster roll of Officers and Men paroled in accordance with the terms of a Military Convention entered into on the 26th day of April, 1865, between General Joseph E. Johnston, Commanding Confederate Army, and Major General W. F. Sherman, Commanding United States Army in North Carolina. Dated at Greensboro, N. C. April 27, 1865, paroled at Greensboro, May 1, 1865, this document records his enlistment as June 10, 1864, no further records

M311: Compiled Service Records of Confederate Soldiers Who Served in Organizations from the State of Alabama


The Fifty-fourth Alabama infantry was made up of troops from
Tennessee and Alabama, and four companies from Alabama, first in
the regiment of Col. L. M. Walker, of Tennessee.

Most of these commands had been captured at Island No. 10, after
having served a year or more. The regiment was organized at
Jackson, Miss., in October, 1862 was brigaded under General
Tilghman, later under Buford; fought at Fort Pemberton and at
Baker's Creek, and escaped with small loss.

At Vicksburg, only a detachment under Lieutenant Abney was with
General Pemberton, the rest of the regiment having gone with
General Loring to take part in the defense of Jackson.

From February until April, 1864, the regiment was temporarily
detached from Buford's command and sent to Montgomery for
provost duty, when it was sent to the army of Tennessee, and in
the brigade of General Baker, its former colonel, it took part
in the Dalton-Atlanta campaign, losing very heavily at Resaca
and at Atlanta, July 20 to 26 1864.

Among many killed was Lieut. Garrett Young.

The brigade was with General Maury, in Mobile, for the next six
months, when it was transferred to North Carolina. Its last
engagement was at Bentonville, March 19th to 21st and here,
though there were but a few over 300 men, the regiment captured
200 and more of the enemy.

It was consolidated with the Twenty-fifth, Thirty-ninth and
Fiftieth Alabama regiments, under Col. Harry T. Toulmin, only a
short time before the surrender at Smithfield.

Adjt. Horace M. Smith died in service.

Its field officers were Cols. Alpheus Baker, who was promoted to
brigadier, and, after the war, became distinguished as a lawyer,
and John A. Minter; and Lieut.Col. Thaddeus H. Shackelford.

Source: Confederate Military History, vol. VIII, p. 213


Report of Lieut. Col. John A. Minter, Fifty-Fourth Alabama Infantry,
of operations May 7-June 2.

June 2, 1864.

In obedience to orders I have the honor to report the part taken
by the Fifty-fourth Alabama Regt. in the several engagements
from May 7 up to the present date:

Ordered in line of battle May 7. Remained in line of battle with
the brigade until Monday, the 9th, then ordered to the rifle-pits in
front of our works. About 4 p. m. of the same day enemy commenced
an attack on the works we were ordered to hold. Three
charges made by the enemy before dark; each repulsed with a loss,
in my opinion, to the enemy of not less than 50 killed and wounded.
The loss in my command was, 1 killed in detached company of the
Thirty-seventh Alabama Regiment, 1 severely and 2 slightly wounded
in my regiment. Relieved at 3 o'clock on the morning of the 10th.
Ordered to occupy the ditches again on the morning of the 11th.
Slight skirmishing during the day and no casualties in my regiment.
Relieved again on the morning of the 12th.

About 8 o'clock on the night of the 12th orders received to be
ready to move at a moment's notice. Marched the remainder of
the night; all next day, arriving at or near Resaca on the evening
of the 13th at 6 o'clock, distance being about seventeen miles. Remained
in line of battle during the night. Next morning moved
down the railroad about two miles; threw up temporary works.
About 5 p. m. on the 14th ordered in front of the breast-works.
After marching about half a mile encountered the enemy's skirmishers.
A charge was ordered immediately. We drove the enemy
back nearly two miles, with a loss of 1 man wounded and 1 missing.
Made a halt and remained in line of battle until 10 o'clock at night,
then ordered to reoccupy our former position at the works. Next
morning ordered to the front again; threw up temporary breastworks
on the railroad half a mile in front of the old ones. About
4 p. m. on the 15th our skirmishers were driven in by the enemy.
We were then ordered in front of the works. Ordered to advance
upon the enemy, which we did, driving them back a short distance,
with a loss in my regiment of 4 killed, 1 missing (supposed to be
killed), and 20 wounded. The engagement lasted about fifteen minutes,
when we were ordered to reoccupy our works. At 9 o'clock at
night ordered to move. Marched the remainder of the night, and
next day (the 16th) marched about twelve miles and encamped. Next
morning ordered to move. Arrived at Adairsville about 12 o'clock.
Halted there for three hours. Ordered to take our position in line of
battle in a field; threw up temporary breast-works, and moved about
12 o'clock at night. Marched the remainder of the night, arriving
at Cassville at 12 o'clock on the 18th. Encamped at Cassville until
the 19th. Ordered to the front about 1 a. m.; threw up breast-works.
Left there about 1 o'clock at night [20th] ; moved about five miles
and halted for a few hours then continued to march to the Etowah
River, arriving at the Etowah about 10 o'clock of the 20th. Crossed
the river and camped during the night until about 9 a. m. of the 21st.
Ordered to move about two miles; camped and remained the 21st, 22d,
and 23d. Left camp on the 23d and marched to new Hope Church;
camped near the church.

About 2 o'clock on the evening of the 24th the regiment was
ordered to the front of the brigade as skirmishers. Driven in by
the enemy about 6 p. m. [with] the loss of 1 man wounded and 1
missing. There being no position for the regiment to occupy in the
trenches, were held in reserve in rear of the Forty-second Alabama
Regt. During the day (25th) the enemy made an attack on the
Thirty-seventh Alabama Regiment, when my regiment was ordered
to its support, the engagement lasting about two hours under a heavy
fire of musketry and artillery. My loss was 3 killed and 18 wounded.
Relieved by Lieut.-Gen. Polk's command about 4 a. m. on
the morning of the 26th. Ordered to the right in reserve remained
in camp during the night. We were then ordered to the right of
New Hope Church about three miles, on the 27th. On the evening
of the 28th threw up breast-works. One man killed in working on
the 20th. Remained in the trenches during the night. On the evening
of the 30th, about 4 o'clock, ordered in front of the works with
my regiment to ascertain the position of the enemy if possible.
After throwing out skirmishers, advancing about 400 yards in front
of the works, encountered the enemy's skirmishers. Drove them
from their position about 300 yards, enemy losing 3 killed and,
in my opinion, not less than 10 wounded. Finding that we were
under an enfilading fire right and left, retired about 100 yards;
there remained until sundown, with a loss of 1 killed, 1 missing, 1
wounded and brought in. Relieved in the trenches next morning
(31st of May) by Gen. Clayton. Ordered behind the line in reserve;
remained one day and night; ordered to reoccupy the trenches again
at dark on the evening of June 1--position we now hold.

In the fatiguing marches and the different engagements the men
have borne up with cheerful fortitude, like men who are determined
to defend their rights and their country.

In every engagement Private Joseph Powell, of Company H, and
Private James F. Flevin, of Company C, highly distinguished themselves
for their daring bravery and coolness. With much regret I
have to report Joseph Powell wounded and captured while reconnoitering
the enemy's position on the evening of the 31st, and Private
James F. Flevin severely wounded in the shoulder in the same engagement.

I am, very respectfully, your obedient servant,

Lieut. Col., Comdg. Fifty-fourth Alabama Regt., Baker's Brig.

Assistant Adjutant--Gen.]

Source: Official Records
[Series I. Vol. 38. Part III, Reports. Serial No. 74.]



The Thirty-seventh was organized at Auburn in the spring of 1862;
sent to Columbus, Miss., from there to Tupelo.

With Price at Iuka, September 19-20, 1862, it began its long roll
of battles, and was highly commended by Brigadier-General Martin
and by General Price. Both its colonel, J. F. Dowdell, and its
lieutenant-colonel, A. A. Greene, were wounded in this fight,
besides forty-three of the men. The regiment went into battle
with 304 men, so that its loss was heavy.

General Little, in whose division it was, was killed at Iuka. In
the battle of Corinth, October 3-5, 1862, it lost heavily and its
brigade commander, General Martin, was killed. Brigaded under
General Moore, the winter of 1862-63 was spent in Mississippi.

It took part at Chickasaw Bayou, was sent to Sunflower river, but
returned before the close of the spring; was in the battles of
Port Gibson, May 1, 1863, and Baker's Creek, May 16th, where it
lost heavily.

From that time till July 4th it formed part of the garrison at
Vicksburg, and was captured with that place, where it had
suffered greatly from losses and privations. For awhile, after
being exchanged, the regiment was in parole camp at Demopolis.

Later it was transferred to the army of Tennessee, and took part
in the battles of Lookout Mountain, November 24th; Missionary
Ridge, November 25th. After wintering at Dalton, brigaded under
Gen. Alpheus Baker, the regiment was ever in the van of the army
in the battles of the Georgia campaign, at Rocky Face mountain,
May 9th and 10th; Resaca, May 14th and 15th; and New Hope church,
May 25th, where it lost heavily, officers and men.

In the battles around Atlanta its casualties were great. The
regiment was sent for in the winter to do garrison duty at
Spanish Fort, but early in the spring it was returned to the army
of Tennessee, and again was in battle at Bentonville.

Consolidated with the Forty-second and Fifty-fourth Alabama,
commanded by Col. John A. Winter, it surrendered in North
Carolina. This regiment was remarkable for the large number of
its officers killed and wounded.

Capt. Marion C. J. Searcy was wounded at Corinth and killed at
Missionary Ridge. Capt. W. W. Meadows was killed, and Capts.
Moses B. Greene, John 0. Davis and S. M. Robertson were wounded,
at Corinth; Capt. J. C. Kendrick was wounded at Corinth and at
Atlanta; Capt. J. J. Padgett was wounded; Capt. Joel G. Greene,
at Atlanta; Capt. C. Pennington, at Resaca; Capt. J. M. Leach was
killed at New Hope: Capt. C. E. Evans was wounded at Resaca and
Atlanta; Capt. James H. Johnson wounded at Atlanta.

Its field officers were Col. James F. Dowdell, captured at
Vicksburg; Lieut.-Col. A. A. Greene, wounded at Iuka and at
Missionary Ridge, and killed at Atlanta; Lieut.Col. W. F. Slaton,
wounded at Corinth and captured at Lookout Mountain; and Majs.
John P. W. Amorine and Joel C. Kendrick.

Source: Confederate Military History, vol. VIII, p. 172

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Re: Lewis C. Baugh of the Civil War