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Re: Joshua Davis
In Response To: Joshua Davis ()

Joshua Davis, age 22, Private, Captain Stewart's Company, Alabama (Cherokee County) Volunteers*, enlisted January 13, 1862 at Goshen, Alabama by Capt. J. T. Stewart for 12 months, last recorded present on the muster roll for the period January 13 to April 30, 1862, no further muster rolls exist for this company** which leaves us unaware of his later service

* This company subsequently became Company J, 55th Regiment Alabama Volunteers

** There is evidence that some men of the 55th Alabama were temporarily detached from their organization and serving at Vicksburg were captured and erroneously paroled as of the 56th Alabama Partisan Rangers [Note, I do not find his name among those paroled at Vicksburg,]

M311: Compiled Service Records of Confederate Soldiers Who Served in Organizations from the State of Alabama


55th Regiment, Alabama Infantry Volunteers

55th Infantry Regiment, organized at Port Hudson, Louisiana, contained 900 veterans. It was formed by consolidating Norwood's 6th and Snodgrass' 16th Alabama Infantry Battalions. The men were from Madison, Cherokee, Calhoun, Jackson, and Marshall counties. Assigned to Buford's Brigade, Department of Mississippi and East Louisiana, the unit saw action in the fight at Champion's Hill and in the trenches of Jackson. Later it was attached to General Scott's Brigade, Army of Tennessee, and was active in the Atlanta Campaign and Hood's Tennessee operations. Ordered to North Carolina it fought its last battle at Bentonville. This regiment entered the Battle of Peach Tree Creek with 22 officers and 256 men, and lost 14 officers and 155 men killed and wounded. It surrendered with the army on April 26, 1865. The field officers were Colonel John Snodgrass, Lieutenant Colonels N.S. Graham and John H. Norwood, and Majors James B. Dickey and Joseph H. Jones.



The Fifty-fifth Alabama was made up of Snodgrass' and Norwood's
battalions. Snodgrass' (Fourth) battalion was in Breckinridge's
reserve brigade in February, 1862, and was employed for some
time near Pensacola, under command of Lieutenant-Colonel

In Trabue's brigade it lost 30 men at the battle of Shiloh,
April 6 and 7, 1862, where it fought under Maj. J. M. Clifton,
and was highly commended in official reports. It was engaged
in the defense of Vicksburg in 1862 where Maj. G. L. Alexander
was killed, and at the battle of Baton Rouge, August 5, 1862
where it fought bravely and suffered severely.

It fought in Rust's brigade near Corinth, in October, 1862, and
was highly commended by its brigade commander. In March, 1863,
at Port Hudson, it was consolidated with Norwood's battalion
and formed the Fifty-fifth regiment, about 900 strong, under
Col. John Snodgrass, in Buford's brigade.

The regiment fought at Baker's Creek with great loss; also at
Jackson and subsequent engagements in Mississippi. Transferred
to Scott's brigade, it served continuously in the army of
Mississippi, until, as part of Stewart's corps, it joined the
army of Tennessee in the spring of 1864, and took part in the
continuous fighting of the Dalton-Atlanta campaign.

At Peachtree Creek it was fearfully mutilated, losing more than
half its number. It also lost heavily in Hood's winter
campaign, suffering severely at Franklin and Nashville.

Proceeding to North Carolina, it was consolidated after April
9, 1865, with the Twenty-seventh, Thirty-fifth, Forty-ninth and
Fifty-seventh, under Colonel McAlexander, and was surrendered
at Greensboro with Johnston's army.

Col. John Snodgrass led the regiment with untiring bravery
throughout the war. At Peachtree Creek, which proved so
disastrous to the regiment, many officers were lost. Maj. J.
H. Jones, Adjt. J. C. Howell, Capts. J. W. Evans and Arthur B.
Carter were killed, and Lieut.-Col. John W. Norwood, Capts. J.
H. Cowan, J. M. Thompson and Peter Nunnally were wounded there. Capt. D. C. Daniel was wounded at Resaca and Atlanta.

Source: Confederate Military History, vol. VIII, p. 216

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