The Arkansas in the Civil War Message Board

Re: medical question
In Response To: medical question ()

Here is a list of CW Medical Terms. I suspect CORYZA may be what you're looking for.

I've been puzzled for some time how VUL. SCLOPETICUM, for gunshot wound, abbreviated in the CSRs as V. S., could have been derived from the Latin.

George Martin

Medical Definitions

AGUE: Chills associated with fever; archaic term for malarial fever.
ANASARCA: A generalized infiltration of edema fluid into subcutaneous connective tissue.

ANTHRAX: A disease caused by infection of cutaneous anthrax characterized by hemorrhage in various organs and body cavities, with symptoms of severe prostration.
APOPLEXY: Obsolete term for cerebral stroke, most often due to hemorrhage.
ASTHENIA: Weakness or debility.

BILIOUS REMITTENT FEVER: Archaic term for relapsing fever characterized by bilious vomiting and diarrhea.

BUBOE/ BUBO: Inflammatory swelling of one or more lymph nodes, usually in the groin, usually suppurating. 

CAMP FEVER: This term was used for all of the continuing fevers experienced by the army: Typhoid Fever, Malarial Remittent Fever, and Typho-malarial Fever. The last named is a combination of elements from the first two diseases. This combination, Typho-malarial Fever, was the characteristic "camp fever" during the Civil War. Symptoms included: a pronounced chill followed by an intermittent fever, abdominal tenderness and nausea, general debility, diarrhea, retention of urine, and furring of the tongue.
CARDITIS: Inflammation of the heart.
CATARRH: Inflammation of the mucous membranes with increased flow of mucous.
CICATRIZED/ CICATRIX: Healed, formation of scar.
COMMINUTED: Broken into several pieces.
CONSUMPTION: Tuberculosis (also called Phthisis).

CONTINUED FEVER: Obsolete term for fever without the intermittency of malaria; many cases were likely typhoid fever.
CORYZA: Inflammation of the nasal mucous membranes in an allergic individual; common cold.

DELIRIUM TREMENS: A severe and sometimes fatal form of delirium, due to alcoholic withdrawal following a period of sustained intoxication.

DIPHTHERIA: Acute bacterial illness characterized by sore throat and fever; serious and even fatal complications can occur.

DROPSY: Archaic word for edema; abnormal accumulation of fluid in cells, tissues, or cavities of the body.

DYSENTERY: Various intestinal diseases with inflammation of the bowels, abdominal pain, and bloody diarrhea.
EDEMA: An accumulation of an excessive amount of watery fluid in cells, tissues, or cavities.
ENDOCARDITIS: Inflammation of the heart.

ERYSIPELAS: Acute inflammation of the skin and subcutaneous tissue caused by streptococcus bacteria; characterized by reddening and severe inflammation, can lead to pustules. Usually accompanied by severe constitutional symptoms.

FISTULA: Forming an abnormal hollow passage from an abscess or cavity to the skin or an organ.

GANGRENE: Necrosis due to lack of blood supply.
GRANULATIONS: The formation of a small granular mass on a wound that is healing.
HEMIPLEGIA: Paralysis of one side of the body.

HEMOPTYSIS: The spitting of blood derived from the lungs or bronchial tubes as a result of pulmonary or bronchial hemorrhage.
HYDROCELE: A collection of serous fluid in the testes.
HYPERTROPHY: Enlargement.
HYPOSTASIS: Settling of blood in the lower portion of the body due to decreased blood flow.

INTERMITTENT FEVER: A fever that has intervals of complete cessation of symptoms between periods of activity. Often intermittent malarial fever. QUATERNARY: Symptoms recur every 72 hours.
TERTIARY: Symptoms recur every 48 hours.

IPECACUANHA: Ipecac, dried root of plant, has expectorant, emetic, and anti-dysenteric properties.
LAUDANUM: Tincture of opium.

MALARIA: Disease characterized by cycles of chills and high fever, headache; spread by mosquitoes.
NECROSIS: The death of tissue cells.
NEPHRITIS: Inflammation of the kidneys.
NEURALGIA: Pain in nerves; generalized pain.
NOSTALGIA: Longing to return home or to another time in one' s life.
OPHTHALMIA: Severe, often purulent, inflammation of the deep structures of the eye.
ORCHITIS: Inflammation of the testicles.
OTORRHOEA/ OTORRHEA: Drainage from the ear.
OZENA: Disease characterized by intra-nasal crusting, atrophy, and fetid odor.
PAROTITIS: Inflammation of the salivary glands near the ear.
PERICARDITIS: Inflammation of the sac enclosing the heart.
PERNICIOUS FEVER: A fever of unknown origin.
PERIOSTITIS: Inflammation of the membrane covering the bones.
PERITONITIS: Inflammation of the membrane lining the abdominal cavity.
PHTHISIS: Tuberculosis (also called Consumption).
PILES: Hemorrhoids.
PLEURITIS (PLEURISY): Inflammation of the membrane enveloping the lungs.
PYEMIA: Infection of the blood causing pus-producing abscesses.

REMITTENT FEVER: A fever where the temperature varies during each 24 hour period but is never normal. Not truly characteristic of any one disease, but used as a diagnosis in the nineteenth century.

RESECTION: Removal of part of the bone, usually the articular end of one or both bones forming a joint.

RHEUMATIC FEVER: Infectious disease causing fever, pain, swelling of the joints, and inflammation of the valves of the heart.
RHEUMATISM: Chronic inflammation of the joints; also an obsolete term for rheumatic fever.
RUBEOLA: Measles.

ST. VITAS DANCE: Disorder of the central nervous system characterized by involuntary jerky movements, usually follows an attack of rheumatic fever; now called Sydenham' s Chorea.

SCORBUTIC ULCERS: Ulcers caused by scurvy.

SCROFULA: Tuberculosis of the lymphatic glands especially of the neck, characterized by the enlargement and degeneration of the glands.

SCURVY: A disease marked by debility, anemia, edema, and ulceration of the gums, due to a lack of Vitamin C.
SLOUGHING: Dead tissue separating from the surrounding tissue.

SMALLPOX: An acute, eruptive, contagious disease caused by a virus and marked by an onset of chills, high fever, backache and headache. Skin eruptions appear in two to five days.
STRICTURE: The abnormal narrowing of a canal, duct, or passage.
SUPPURATING/ SUPPURATIVE: To form or discharge pus.

SYPHILIS: A venereal disease caused by a spirochete which consists of three phases.
PRIMARY: Characterized by a hard chancre on the genitals;
SECONDARY: Characterized by eruptions on the skin and mucous membranes and the generalized enlargement of the lymph nodes;
TERTIARY: Characterized by the infection and disablement of bones , muscles, and nerve tissue.

TETANUS: An acute infectious disease caused by the toxins of a bacillus which usually enters the body through wounds. Characterized by spasmodic contractions and rigidity of the voluntary muscles. Often fatal.

TUBERCULOSIS: Infectious disease causing tubercles in the lungs, characterized by fever, weakness, and emaciation.

TYPHOID FEVER: Acute infectious disease characterized by continued rising fever, physical and mental depression, rose-colored spots, loss of appetite, and dry mouth with furred tongue.
TYPHOID PNEUMONIA: Pneumonia as a complication of typhoid fever.

TYPHUS: A group of acute infectious diseases characterized by severe fever, chills, weakness, joint ache and headache. Similar to Typhoid Fever. See Camp Fever.
VARICOCELE: Cystic enlargement of the veins of the spermatic cord.
VARIOLA: Smallpox.

VERATRUM VIRIDE: Medicine derived from the hellebore, a member of the lily family with poisonous root stocks.
VUL. SCLOPETICUM: Latin; gunshot wound.

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