The Arkansas in the Civil War Message Board

46th Arkansas

Bryan Howerton is really the authorty on the 40 series regiments. As I understand it, the 44th through the 48th were all raised in the summer of 1864 in north east Arkansas for Price's Raid. Each one seems to have had a core men from a pre existing units. I am not sure how, Coleman came to be associated with the 46th, but it since the other 40 Series Commanders seem to have been appointed and had previously commanded, it seems likely that Coleman may have had a previous unit. It is also possible that that previous unit formed part of the basis for the 46th. See a post from the archives listed below:

The Arkansas in the Civil War Message Board - Archive

Re: 46th Ark. Cavalry = 46th Ark. Mounted Infantry

Posted By: Bryan Howerton
Date: Saturday, 9 November 2002, at 6:51 p.m.

In Response To: 46th Ark. Cavalry = 46th Ark. Mounted Infantry? (Hayes Lowe)

They are one and the same. The 40-series regiments were initially authorized by the State Military Board as infantry regiments. The decreasing availability of fodder for horses in 1864 led the Trans-Mississippi Department to issue an order proscribing the raising of any additional mounted regiments in Arkansas. However, when Sterling Price received authorization to campaign in Missouri that Fall, several of the new regiments were mounted in order to accompany him. As a result, the 44th, 45th, 46th, 47th, and 48th Arkansas Regiments became mounted infantry regiments. They were rarely referred to in contemporary reports and orders by numerical designation. Price referred to them as McGehee's Cavalry, Crabtree's Cavalry, etc., which eventually resulted in their later being referred to as 44th Cavalry, 46th Cavalry, etc.

Also here is a reference to the Official Records that lists Coleman in command:

Linda,
I am not too familiar with Price and the Trans-Mississippi, however, I could not find the 1st Arkansas in Price's table of organization.
See below.

His later report may answer question.

Regards,

George Martin

O.R.--SERIES I--VOLUME XLI/1 [S# 83] pp. 641/2

AUGUST 29-DECEMBER 2, 1864.--Price's Missouri Expedition.

No. 89.--Organization of Price's Army.

FAGAN'S DIVISION.
Maj. Gen. JAMES F. FAGAN.

Cabell's Brigade.
Brig. Gen. WILLIAM L. CABELL.
Lieut. Col A. V. REIFF.

Monroe's (Arkansas) Cavalry, Col. James C. Monroe.
Gordon's (Arkansas) Cavalry, Col. Anderson Gordon.
Morgan's (Arkansas) Cavalry, Col. Thomas J. Morgan.
Hill's (Arkansas) Cavalry, Col. John F. Hill.
Gunter's (Arkansas) Cavalry Battalion, Lieut. Col. Thomas M. Gunter.
Harrell's (Arkansas) Cavalry Battalion, Lieut. Col. John M. Harrell.
Witherspoon's (Arkansas) Cavalry Battalion, Maj. J. L. Witherspoon.
Hughey's (Arkansas) Battery, Capt. W. M. Hughey.

Slemons' Brigade.
Col. W. F. SLEMONS.
Col. WILLIAM A. CRAWFORD.

2d Arkansas Cavalry, Col. W. F. Slemons.
Crawford's (Arkansas) Cavalry,Col. William A. Crawford.
Carlton's (Arkansas) Cavalry,Col. Charles H. Carlton.
Wright's ( Arkansas) Cavalry, Col. John C. Wright.

Dobbin's Brigade.
Col. ARCHIBALD S. DOBBIN.

Dobbin's (Arkansas) Cavalry, Col. Archibald S. Dobbin.
McGhee's (Arkansas) Cavalry, Col. James McGhee.
Witt's (Arkansas) Cavalry, Col. A. R. Witt.
Blocher's (Arkansas) Battery (one section), Lieut. J. V. Zimmerman.

McCray's Brigade.
Col. THOMAS H. MCCRAY.

45th Arkansas (mounted), Col. Milton D. Baber.
47th Arkansas (mounted), Col. Lee Crandall.
15th Missouri Cavalry, Col. Timothy Reyes.
Unattached.
Lyles' (Arkansas) Cavalry, Col. Oliver P. Lyles.
Rogan's (Arkansas) Cavalry, Col. James W. Rogan.
Anderson's (Arkansas) Cavalry Battalion, Capt. William L. Anderson.

MARMADUKE'S DIVISION.
Maj. Gen. JOHN S. MARMADUKE.
Brig. Gen. JOHN B. CLARK, Jr.

Escort.
Company D, Fifth Missouri Cavalry, Capt. D. E. Stallard.

Marmaduke's Brigade.
Brig. Gen. JOHN B. CLARK, Jr.
Col. COLTON GREENE.

3d Missouri Cavalry, Col. Colton Greene.
4th Missouri Cavalry, Col. John Q. Burbridge.
7th Missouri Cavalry } Col. Solomon G. Kitchen.
Davies' (Missouri) Battalion Cavalry, } Lieut. Col. J. F. Davies.
8th Missouri Cavalry, Col. William L. Jeffers.
10th Missouri Cavalry, Col. Robert R. Lawther.
14th Missouri Cavalry (battalion), Lieut. Col. Robert C. Wood.
Hynson's (Texas) Battery, Capt. H. C. Hynson.
Harris' (Missouri) Battery, Capt. S. S. Harris.
Engineer company, Capt. James T. Hogane.

Freeman's Brigade.
Col. THOMAS R. FREEMAN.

Freeman's (Missouri) Cavalry, Col. Thomas R. Freeman.
Fristoe's (Missouri) Cavalry, Col. Edward T. Fristoe.
Ford's (Arkansas) Cavalry Battalion, Lieut. Col. Barney Ford.

SHELBY'S DIVISION.
Brig. Gen. JOSEPH O. SHELBY.

Shelby''s Brigade.
Col. DAVID SHANKS.
Col. MOSES W. SMITH.
Brig. Gen. M JEFF. THOMPSON.

5th Missouri Cavalry, Col. B. Frank Gordon.
11th Missouri Cavalry, Col. Moses W. Smith.
12th Missouri Cavalry, Col. David Shanks.
Elliott's (Missouri) Cavalry,Col. Benj. Elliott.
Slayback's (Missouri) Cavalry Battalion, Lieut. Col. Alonzo W. Slayback.
Collins' (Missouri) Battery, Capt. Richard A. Collins.

Jackman's Brigade.
Col. SIDNEY D. JACKMAN.

Jackman's (Missouri) Cavalry, Lieut. Col. C. H. Nichols.
Hunter's (Missouri) Cavalry, Col. De Witt C. Hunter.
Williams' (Missouri) Cavalry Battalion, Lieut. Col. D. A. Williams.
Schnable's (Missouri) Cavalry Battalion, Lieut. Col. John A. Schnable.
Collins' (Missouri) Battery (one section), Lieut. Jacob D. Connor.
Unattached.
46th Arkansas (mounted), Col. W. O. Coleman.

TYLER'S BRIGADE.
Col. CHARLES H. TYLER.

Perkins' (Missouri) Cavalry, Col. Caleb Perkins.
Coffee's (Missouri) Cavalry,(*) Col. John T. Coffee.
Searcy's (Missouri) Cavalry, Col. James J. Searcy.

ARMY HEADQUARTERS,
Camp No. 75, at Boggy Depot, C. N., November 18, 1864.

On the 2d instant I forwarded from Boonsborough, Ark., a synopsis of my campaign in Missouri, which I dispatched by special courier to Washington. As it may not have reached you, I inclose an official copy of it.(*) Since then I have moved my command by slow marches, crossing the Arkansas River below the mouth of the Canadian on the 7th instant, and through Perryville to this point, which I reached today. At Boonsborough, on the suggestion of General Fagan, I detached two of his brigades (McCray's and Dobbin's), along with Freeman's brigade, of Marmaduke's division, to take the route to Northeast Arkansas, with instructions to collect all stragglers and deserters, and report south of the Arkansas River, at or near Washington, by the 15th, 20th, and 25th days of December, respectively.

On the 9th instant I also approved an order of General Fagan to send Slemons' and Cabell's brigades to Arkansas, with permission to furlough the men until December 10, at which date the former will rendezvous at Miller's Bluff and the latter at Spring Hill. At the same time I sent Colonel Tyler's brigade ahead, which will march by Doaksville, while I, with General Shelby's division and General Clark's brigade, will march south to Texas, taking the Bonham road, General Fagan and escort going by Doaksville to Washington, Ark., to meet his command there. Since leaving Cane Hill my animals have lived entirely on the dry grass found along the line of march, and very many have perished, and it is with difficulty that I am enabled to move my train. The men also have suffered much on account of want of bread stuffs and salt and the scarcity of beef-cattle, until lately partially relieved by the kindness of Generals Cooper and Stand Watie. General Maxey also is collecting supplies at Doaksville for those going that route. I shall be compelled to move my command slowly for several days until I get within the region of supplies and forage, when I will march eastward toward Clarksville, where instructions from General Smith can meet me, and unless otherwise instructed will continue toward Fulton.

I have the honor to be, very respectfully, &c.,

STERLING PRICE,
Major-General, Commanding.

Col. S. S. ANDERSON,
Assistant Adjutant-General.
O.R.--SERIES I--VOLUME XLI/1 pp. 624/5

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