The Medal of Honor was created in 1862 for the Army to recognize soldiers who distinguished themselves in action. It was much later when the Congressional Medal of Honor we know today, was issued for deeds of great daring, “above and beyond the call of duty.”
Capture of the enemy’s flag was almost guaranteed a Medal. Here are a couple of examples of deeds for which the medal was awarded:
Seized the 2 colors from the hands of a corporal and a lieutenant as they fell mortally wounded, and with a color in each hand advanced across the field to a point where the regiment was reformed on those colors.
Served on board the USS Kearsarge when she destroyed the CSS Alabama off Cherbourg, France
Gallantry in the charge of the "volunteer storming party."
Gallantry as color bearer in the assault on Fort Gregg.
Voluntarily held an important position under heavy fire.
Assisted in the capture of a Confederate flag by knocking down the color sergeant
First to plant the colors of his State on the fortifications.
Served as captain of the forecastle on board the U.S.S. Kearsarge when she destroyed the Alabama off Cherbourg, France,
Serving as quartermaster on board the U.S.S. Cincinnati during the attack on the Vicksburg batteries and at the time of her sinking, 27 May 1863.
Served on board the U.S.S. Ceres in the fight near Hamilton, Roanoke River, 9 July 1862.
Chaplain, Voluntarily carried a musket in the ranks of his regiment and rendered heroic service in retaking the Federal works which had been captured by the enemy