Several different systems were introduced in the South, along the coasts, using hoisted flags, balls, or the like, raised on a fixed pole and keyed in meaning to a code list or code book. In other words, a land-based, fixed system similar to what they'd experienced afloat.They were later superseded.
The system I'm most interested in is the one introduced by US Army assistant surgeon A.J. Myer of NY, just before the war. He proved the system with the aid of a Georgia-born West Point engineer, E. Porter Alexander, to the satisfaction of a board headed by Col. RE Lee. As a result, the War Dept made Myer "Signal Officer of the Army" (a one-man show), but that's the date the Signal Corps considers its birthday (even though it was a provisional, wartime organization when set up in 1863). Alexander "went South" and started a system at First Manassas (Bull Run) using the Myer system he had learned and helped to develop. That system used a single flag (or two torches at night, one on the ground for reference and one replacing the "waved" flag on the staff) and spelled out words letter by letter. It was mockingly referred to by at least one man in the North as "wig-wag." After the war, that term caught on (sort of like 20th Century "Coke" for "Coca-Cola," which was initially resisted). It was adopted, with appropriate variations in meaning, by both armies as their standard. And that's the system I'm studying.
I'll try to watch out for Proutys -- must have had enough for a small brigade!