The below is from a post by Lars Gjertveit on the Arkansas messageboard in February. With the help of Brian Howerton, Lars has identified several persons in the Arkansas State Troops that were later in the 1st Cherokee Mtd Volunteers (Watie's).
I haven't yet tried to determine if these persons were Cherokee citizens living in or near Arkansas or if they were non-citizens who later joined the 1st Cher Mtd Vols. Of the others identified -- E.C. Boudinot, W.P. Adair, J.M. Keys, O.W. Lipe -- these are all prominent Cherokee.
The records of the Ark State Troops are scarce. For example, there is no complete muster roll of the 4th Ark Inf State Troops -- only about 40 members can be identified.
Captain James T. Stewart (or Stuart), Co.F, 3rd Regiment, later served as 1st Sergeant of 1st Co. H, 1st Cherokee Mounted Volunteers, and Captain of 2nd Co. K, and Captain Hugh Lemuel Tinnin (or Tinnen), Co. C, 4th Regiment, commanded 2nd Co. A, 1st Cherokee Mounted Volunteers. Tinnin was from Maysville, and I am inclined to think that his State Troops company was formed in Benton County instead of Washington. I speculate also that Captain J. W. Johnson, Co. G, 4th Regiment, might be the same as Captain George W. Johnson, 1st Co. I, 1st Cherokee Mounted Volunteers. Captain Daniel R. McKissick, Co. F, 1st Regiment, was 1st Lt. of 1st Co. H, 1st Cherokee Mounted Volunteers.