In researching for a paper on the bakehouses of Fort Gibson (the current bad interpretive reconstruction a
the park is of the circa 1867 structure and is not CW), I found the volume of the Official Records which is
frequently overlooked. It is Series I, Volume XLVIII Part II, Correspondence, Etc., and is found on Google
Books. There are 54 entries on Fort Gibson, although one or two, possibly three, are actually PORT Gibson,
Mississippi, a common problem in 19th century documents. Anyway....the picture I get, albeit, via quick
glances, is that the danger of starvation was very much a chance for the refugees around the post. It was
a wet spring and some 25 steamboats were able to bring in supplies. In April and into May, a MAJOR)
expedition was being planned by the Union high command, from the Arkansas southward. Troops were
being brought in and other being ordered in. A great number of horses from Canada were to be brought
in. As late as May and June Cooper, down in Texas, was fearing that invasion and did not appear to want
to give up. With the discharge of the Federal Cherokee troops, Union officers were noting that a number
were already becoming marauders, trying to extract vengeance on wartime and political enemies. I
had once thought about writing a paper on the post during its Civil War years but, as an Indian Wars
historian, I'll let some other scholar dedicated to the war years cover this very complex subject.
Still, 1865 and the IT/Fort Gibson is an, "unknown country".