The Indian Territory in the Civil War Message Board

Re: Update for Historical Sites for Western BWR

Much new material is provided for Inscription Rock and Zuni NM, plus Jacobs Well and Navajo Springs, AZ. Also, please see the very last note on Beale's earlier Camel Road Expedition of 1857-58.

Agua Fria Spring, NM 35 01 45 N 108 03 50 W (deg, min, sec)
https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=mdp.39015030947298&view=1up&seq=43
https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=mdp.39015030947298&view=1up&seq=61

Inscription Rock, NM 35 02 18 N 108 21 12 W (= El Morro Nat. Mon).
https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=mdp.39015030947298&view=1up&seq=44
https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=mdp.39015030947298&view=1up&seq=47
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/El_Morro_National_Monument
https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=mdp.39015030947298&view=1up&seq=94
https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=mdp.39015030947298&view=1up&seq=95

Two men’s names, related to the western historical trails we have noted in Indian Territory, are inscribed on Inscription Rock (El Morro) along the Trail of the Ancients (and Beale Wagon Road) in New Mexico: (1) Lt. James (J.) H. Simpson, Topographical Engineer with Capt. Randolph B. Marcy’s expedition from Fort Smith to New Mexico in April 1849, and (2) P. Gilmer Breckinridge, a young college/law graduate who had special engraving skills, as has been noted for inscribing Kerlin’s Well and Law’s Spring locations as Beale’s wagon train returned east thru Arizona in July 1859. “Lt. J. H. Simpson, USA” was the first English inscription made at El Morro, placed on September 17, 1849. Lt. Simpson remained on duty in New Mexico for over a year after Capt. Marcy left to explore an optional Southern route thru Texas back to Fort Smith (which was later used by the Butterfield Overland Stage in 1858). “P. Gilmer Breckinridge” boldly engraved his name as E. F. Beale’s wagon train returned from the Colorado River to Albuquerque, stopping a few hours to rest at Inscription Rock, NM on July 26, 1859.

See these names on Inscription Rock (El Morro), NM at:
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6ibt1cZ2NMg See JHS 2:52/4:42, PGB 4:23/4:42
https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=6lLejU9QhhU See PGB 4:23/5:26

Zuni, NM 35 04 09 N 108 50 54 W
https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=mdp.39015030947298&view=1up&seq=48
https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=mdp.39015030947298&view=1up&seq=61
https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=mdp.39015030947298&view=1up&seq=78
https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=mdp.39015036897935&view=1up&seq=210

Jacobs Well, AZ 35 03 18 N 109 23 20 W (1857 description given in 212 below)
http://southwestexplorations.com/jacobs-well (a must read for current conditions)
https://www.anyplaceamerica.com/directory/az/apache-county-04001/wells/jacobs-well-6340/
https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=mdp.39015030947298&view=1up&seq=48
https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=mdp.39015030947298&view=1up&seq=61
https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=mdp.39015036897935&view=1up&seq=212
https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=mdp.39015036897935&view=1up&seq=213

Navajo Springs, AZ 35 06 03 N 109 29 46 W five springs in area
https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Navajo_Springs,_Arizona
https://www.topozone.com/arizona/apache-az/spring/navajo-springs-2/
https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=mdp.39015030947298&view=1up&seq=48
https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=mdp.39015030947298&view=1up&seq=77
July 26 1859 (on return from Colorado River to Albuquerque, passing east by El Morro)
(Beale) https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=mdp.39015030947298&view=1up&seq=61
(Engle) https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=mdp.39015030947298&view=1up&seq=78

See Beale’s report of his initial “Camel Road” Expedition of 1857-58 Along The 35-th Parallel at:
https://babel.hathitrust.org/cgi/pt?id=mdp.39015036897935&view=1up&seq=159

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