In researching the subject of logistics at Fort Gibson during and after the war I
find that graft was, at times, rampant during the conflict. Besides the well organized
rustling of the livestock of the several tribes there was graft regarding supplying both the
troops and refugees. Colonel Phillips strove valiantly to do right and suffered for it.
Wattles, being involved, was courtmartialed. Alexander McDonald, future U.S.
Senator from Arkansas, was involved deeply in short changing on supplies contracted
and other highly questionable practices. He got rich and never was punished,
obviously, for what he accomplished. While some complained nothing came
out of what happened. Someday, some ph.d candidate should delve into
this shadowy subject and who profited from it (yeah, right...!).