Standard History of New Orleans, Louisiana By Henry Rightor
September 14, 1874 - Emboldened by the federal hands-off policies, 3,500-armed White Leaguers assembled in New Orleans on September 14, 1874, and demanded that carpetbag Republican Gov. William Kellogg resign. Opposing the White League were 3,600 policemen and black militia troops under the command of ex-Confederate General James Longstreet. The White Leaguers charged the line, captured Longstreet, and pushed his men to the river, where they either surrendered or fled. The attackers occupied the city hall, statehouse, and arsenal. Total casualties in the one-hour fight that has become known as the Battle of Liberty Place were 38 killed and 79 wounded. He was pulled him from his horse and held overnight as prisoner. It was about 4 o'clock on the afternoon of Sept. 14, 1874. In the melee, he was shot in the leg. The whole thing lasted only one day and was near the Custom House on Canal St.
Longstreet was vilified for leading black troops against his former soldiers. "It was with the greatest difficulty", said one White League officer, "that I prevented the men from firing particularly at Longstreet."