"As to the right or wrong of the refusal to exchange, it is hardly relevant to insist that the triumph of the South would have perpetuated slavery. Lincoln's Proclamation, January I, 1863, did not touch slavery in the Border States. And from the southern nation, denuded of slaves by their escape to the North and confronted by the growing anti-slavery sentiment of the civilized world, the "peculiar institution" would soon have died out."
Homer B. Sprague, Ph.D., Yale; Bvt. Colonel 13th Conn. Vols. Survivor of Danville Prison. Abolitionist. 1915.