“I shall never forget,” Medill said of Lincoln, “how he suddenly lifted his head and turned on us a black and frowning face. ‘Gentlemen,’ he said, in a voice full of bitterness, ‘after Boston, Chicago has been the chief instrument in bringing this war on the country. The Northwest has opposed the South as New England has opposed the South. It is you who are largely responsible for making blood flow as it has. You called for war until we had it. You called for Emancipation, and I have given it to you. … Now you come here begging to be let off from the call for men which I have made to carry out the war you have demanded. You ought to be ashamed of yourselves. … Go home, and raise your 6,000 extra men.”
Then, in Medill’s own account, Lincoln turned on the great editor. “‘And you, Medill, you are acting like a coward. You and your Tribune have had more influence than any [other] paper in the Northwest in making this war. You can influence great masses, and yet you cry to be spared at a moment when your cause is suffering. Go home and send us those men.’” Wrote Medill: “I couldn’t say anything. It was the first time I ever was whipped, and I didn’t have an answer. …”
Yes the war was immoral. It was immoral from the view point of Unionist for Beauregard to fire upon Fort Sumter and it was immoral, from the view of those who believed in the Constitution, for the Federal Government to use military force against any state. This war was brought about by immorally weak people for immoral causes. What happened to the moral people? They gave their blood on the battlefields and those who survived raised the generations that would save the world--- twice.