The steamship Adriatic, from Havre and Southampton on the 1st inst., arrived at this port on Saturday morning. Her advices are four days later. The most important feature in the news is a letter on the state of Europe from the Emperor NAPOLEON to the Count DE PERSIGNY, French Ambassador to the Court of London. On the two great leading topics of the day the Emperor gives it, as his "innermost thought," that he desires peace for Italy without foreign intervention, and withes to undertake the Syrian Expedition in conjunction with other Powers. Particulars are received of the two actions fought on the 20th and 21st inst. at Melazzo, in which the Garibaldians were perfectly successful. GARIBALDI has entered Messina, and has concluded a military convention with the Neapolitan commander. It is confirmed that the General has refused to grant the truce asked for by the King of Sardinia, and that he expresses a firm intention to march upon Naples as soon as he has taken Messina. We have details of the massacre of Christians in Damascus. The accounts give the number of victims at three or four thousand. It was fully expected that a convention of the Great Powers, with regard to the Syrian question, would be signed on the 1st inst., and that immediately afterwards an embarkation of a combined Russian, French, and English expedition would take place. We publish divers opinions of the German Press on the late interview at Toplitz, between the Emperor of Austria and the Prince of Prussia. They all seem to agree in thinking that the meeting has been successful, and that a better understanding between the two Cabinets has been promoted.
The steamship North Star arrived at this port yesterday morning from Aspinwall. No later advices are received from Central and South America, but the news from the Isthmus extends to the 4th inst., ten days later. Our correspondent furnishes particulars of the progress of the civil war in the interior of New-Grenada. It was expected that a battle would shortly take place between the belligerent forces, and there is much speculation on the probable issue of such an engagement. The North Star brought over a million in treasure.
The British steamer City of Washington. Capt. JRFFREY, left on Saturday afternoon for Liverpool with 47 cabin, 143 steerage passengers, and $429,900 in specie. The Rlinoss left for Southampton and Havre with about 70 passengers and $927,318 hi specie.
Details of the Mexican news, already noticed in a brief dispatch from New-Orleans, have reached us. Advices are from the City of Mexico to the 17th ult., and from Vera Cruz to the 21st. Affairs at the capital are reported in a more disorganized state, if possible, than ever. The inactivity of MIRAMON who was reported to be at Lagos undecided which way to turn, was giving great dissatisfaction to his party, and a movement for his final overthrow was considered probable. Senor PACHECO, the Spanish Minister, was reported to be at the head of the agitation against MIRAMON, and several persons were already spoken of as likely to succeed him. Another report was to the effect that the foreign representatives were about to inaugurate a movement to make MIRAMON Emperor. Meantime the Liberals were rapidly approaching the capital on every side, and only needed some man of decided military genius to lead them, to enable them to acquire and hold entire possession of the country.
The Commissioners appointed to investigate the matter of the Paraguay claims hold their last meeting to-day, to consider some additional arguments and evidence which have been submitted to them. Their decision will then be made and submitted to the President. No doubt is entertained that this decision will be adverse to the claimants, as already announced in the TIMES. This, as may be supposed, causes considerable annoyance to the President, as he would much rather the decision would in some measure justify the abortive expedition to Paraguay, headed by Judge BOWLINAN attempt, in consequence, it is thought, may be made to set the decision aside, on the ground that Paraguay has already virtually acknowledged her liability for damages.
Mr. LINCOLN's Cabinet, according to our Washington dispatches, is already arranged for him. Mr. SEWARD is to be Secretary of State, and HENRY WINTER DAVIS is to be Attorney-General. Thus much has transpired; the other names are not yet publicly known. It is understood, however, to be positively decided upon that Mr. GREELEY is not to have a seat in the Cabinet, but that he is to have the French Mission. Mr. LINCOLN will doubtless be much gratified that his friends show such a willingness to relieve him of a duty which at the best has always been considered a perplexing one.
Some curious developments are afforded in a letter of our Washington correspondent, relative to the reckless manner in which the funds of the Government are squandered in the War Department. Some fifty or sixty thousand dollars were set apart, two or three years ago, by the Secretary of War, for the purchase of projectiles. Instead of making the contracts at points near the sea board, where the fortifications are principally located, one was given to an establishment in Kentucky, and others to certain pet contractors in Virginia, one of whom was located west of the Blue Ridge. Of course, under such circumstances the items of transportation must amount to an enormous sum.
We have advices from Denver City, Pike's Peak Region, to the 4th inst. CARL WOOD, one of the desperadoes who attempted to kill the editor of the Rocky Mountain News, had been tried, and the jury stood one for and eleven against acquittal. The case was then referred to the people, when it was decided to send him out of the region. Miming news presents no new features.
It is understood that the Prince of Wales, after his visit to this City, will go to Bermuda, to gladden the eves of her Majesty's subjects in that "still vext" isle. He embarked on Saturday at Charlottestown, P.E.I., for Gaspe, on route for Quebec, to which latter place the entire fleet of six vessels will go. Only the three smallest, however, will visit Montreal.
The Union camp meeting at Yonkers, N.Y., closed yesterday, having been continued over a week. Various denominations of Evangelical Christians have participated in the exercises, and the conciliatory spirit evinced has been a source of pleasure to all present.
Surf-bathing has its peculiar perils. On Saturday, two gentlemen named WHITAKER and DUMMER were drowned at Long Branch, while bathing on the beach with some ladies. The ladies thought they were in danger, and shrieked for aid. The gentlemen went to their assistance, and saved them, but got carried away themselves by the undertow. Mr. DUMMER belonged to Jersey City, and Mr. WHITAKER to Trenton Yesterday, a similar catastrophe took place off the shore at Nevasink. Mr. GUSTAVUS A. RATZ, the well-known Secretary of the Liquor Dealers' Association, was drowned while bathing, being swept off by that same fatal undertow. Mr. RATZ was only 27 years of age. He was formerly a clerk, in the office of AUGUST BELMONT, and was, at the time of his death, an honored member of the Seventh Regiment. He was also a Freemason. His loss will be severely felt by thousands of his countrymen, and by hundreds of Americans. To complete this chapter of accidents, a young man named GARDNER, the son of respectable parents, was drowned yesterday, almost at the same time, and at the same spot with Mr. RATZ.
What does Massachusetts mean? Why does she persist in sending her paupers to New-York? Is it honorable in her to do so? Has she no conscience? On Saturday again, for the third time, an installment of vagrants from the Bay State -- on this occasion from Taunton -- reached this City by railroad and were taken from the New-Haven depot to the emigrant depository at Castle Garden, in a carriage, by the agent who accompanied them. Arrived at the gates of the building, he left them in charge of the driver, and disappeared. The driver, not knowing what to do with, them, took them to the Station-house. One old woman was so sick that she was taken to Bellevue Hospital, where she died. The others will be sent back to Massachusetts, as several numbers of similar importations have recently been. Such conduct is by no means worthy of the high reputation of our sister State.
The Stock Market on Saturday reacted from the extreme prices of Friday 1 1/2@2 cent, on most of the Railway shares, closing dull. The number of speculative sellers for the fall appeared to be on the increase. No change in Money or Foreign bills. The export of Specie was $1,357,000.
Flour was brisker but rather cheaper. Wheat are Corn attracted less attention. Pork was in better demand at firmer prices. Lard, Beef, Groceries, Cotton Hops, Metals and Seeds were quiet. Whisky was in fair request and was dearer. Other branches of trade presented no very important changes. There ware 437 vessels of all classes in port.