The Uprising In The West.- For More than three years past, the free West has sat in sackcloth. Her rich, deep soil has seemed to labor under some malignant spell. Drouth in seedtime,-floods in harvest-frosts in June and August-tempest, hail, tornados-the midge, the weevil, the grasshopper-rust, smut, blight- such have been the varying but ever melancholy burden of the Western song. When crops were fair, they brought no price; when pork sold well, there were no store-hogs, or no corn wherewith to fatten them. Railroad enterprises that wer expected to enrich whole sections have collapsed under the baleful spell of general want and disaster, dragging down to bankruptcy all who had aided and all who had trusted them. Cities and towns repudiated their honest debts, or (what is the same thing) made no adequate provision ofr the payment of interest thereon. Farmers tried to evade the payment of their own mortgages. Debtors did not pay the local merchants, and these retorted on their Eastern creditors; so that insolvency seemed the rule, and dishonesty by no means an exception. The North West grew gradually unpopular and discredited with seaboard merchants and capitalists, who had at length come to consider a Western debt and a bad debt substantially the same thing. Only the cotton-growing and the cotton-spinning States were regarded as deserving of credit in New York or London.
At length, there are premonitions of a change. There is a novel radiance in the occidental sky. The West, if not entirely solvent, is no longer pauper “There is corn in Egypt,” and promise of more. There was an unprecedented breath of grain sewn throughout the West this year, and the average yield is immense. Young States which have hitherto barely or but little more than made their own bread, are counting up their million of bushels of corn that will be ripened next month. It is quite possible that some of these estimates are extravagant; but there can be no doubt that, throughout the States northwest of the Ohio, the harvest of 1860 will be at least fifty per cent heavier than any one preceding it, and that this region will have an aggregate surplus of one hundred millions of dollars in value beyond that of any former year.
Into a discussion of the results of this plenty, we do not propose now to enter. Suffice it that we sincerely trust that the farmers of the North-West will obtain a liberal reward for their labor. And there are many circumstances that favor such a result. The South and South-West, from Texas so far Northward as Kansas and Kentucky , have suffered materially from drouth, especially in their crops of grain. They must buy largely of corn and pork, possibly of lour and beef also. Then the British wheat harvest is quite late, and not yet secured , so that it may prove deficient, as that of France threatened to be a month or six weeks ago. There will doubtless be a considerable foreign demand for flour and meat, though not naturally enough to absorb the magnificent surplus of the North-West. But there are portents of a great war in Europe, which may breakout at any moment, and is likely to involve most of the Continent in its horrors. Should that war commence this autumn- and no one can say that, with a Baonaparte wielding despotic sway in France, it may not within a month- a general advance in the prices of food is almost inevitable. While, then, we would advise no man to hold on to his grain at the expense of his creditors, we think those who are perfectly able to hold wheat at the West may as well keep their property in this shape as any other. They take a risk by holding, but the chances seem to us in favor of that policy. If peace hodls, prices must rule quite low: but if war comes, they must advance. Every one must judge and act for himself.
What we would most earnestly press on the attention of the West, and especially of its famers, it this. Grain crops are precarious at best, and the abundance of this year may be followed by two or three years of deficiency and ???. To send such bulky staples to distant markets is, in the long run, ruinous alike to the land and its cultivators- to the soil, because it is steadily exhausted of vital elements which are not replaced; to the cultivator, because it subtracts form the fair reward of his industry the enormous cost of transporting his products to their ultimate markets. Ten millions’ worth of wheat, for instance, will subtract more value form the soil of a Western State than one hundred millions worth of wool would; and it will cost more to transfer the ten millions’ worth to a seaboard or European market than the hundred millions’ worth.
The average Wisconsin or Iowa farmer who grows grain as his chief crop must sell it for less than one half- often less than one third- the price of just such grain realized by the grower in Connecticut or Great Britian; while his yield of wool, no matter how large, would command at his at his barn within ten per cent of its highest price in the best market in the world. These facts illustrate a law, and one which the West cannot too clearly comprehend. The permanent well-being of that bounteous, magnificent region demands the creation of markets for the great bulk of its food upon or near its own soil. Foreign wars or dearth in other sections may operate as palliatives, but the abiding relief of the West is to be secured through a PROTECTIVE TARIFF* and the extension and diversification of home manufactures, not confined to the East, but diffused through and constantly multiplying in the West also. Such seems to us the important lesson of the day. [N.Y. Tribune]
*capitals are mine
New York Items- Aug. 15. Barque Gleaner, from New Orleans, bound to San Blas, Mexico, cotton loaded, was burned at sea on the 4th of July. The crew arrived at Rio Janeiro July 18, all well. The Gleaner was owned at Yarmouth, Me. The steamer Richard Stockton and propeller New Era came in collison today off Castle Garden, sinking the latter. She had thirteen passengers; all saved. Rosanna Williams, who was stabbed by her husband the other day, died in hospital today. Mary Halligen died at Bellevue Hospital today from injuries received from her husband.
The New York Douglas Convention- Syracuse, 15th. A portaion of the Globe Hotel fell this forenoon. Fortunately the inmates had left their apartments, and no one was injured. The Douglas State Convention was called to order at noon.... After the appointment of the usual commitees the Convention took a recess. In the afternoon a permanent organization was effected....A Committe on the Electoral ticket was appointed.
Fasion- ...the Peruvian custom of amputation of the fifth toe, to make the foot pointed and small, is beginning to prevail in Paris. At lima it is the rule to perform this operation on the female infant in the cradle. But a Peruvian surgeon, now advertising in Paris, offers to perform it on grown up ladies.
Indiana Union Convention. Indianapolis, 15th. The Constitutional Union State Convention met here today and appointed....Electors at Large, with a full set of District Electors. Resolutions were unanimously adopted endorsing the Baltimore platform and nominations, and opposing fusion or alliance with any other political organization.
Article on Sicily and Sicilians.
A thank you to the editor of the "World": on an article entitled "West India Emancipation"- the statements of Mr. Underhill with regard to the success, all things considered, of West India emancipation.
1. Production increased.
2. Real-estate increased.
3. Crime has dropped.
4. Foreign trade has increased.
Fall Of A Bridge- Danville, Pa., 15th. The bridge over the canal at this place fell this morning, while 200 persons were on it, witnessing the performance of a man named Carr, on a wire stretched across the canal. Several were severely hurt. Two children were taken out of the canal insensible, but were subsequently resuscitated. A child is missing.
Camp Meeting At Martha's Vineyard
Fearful Suicide At Niagra Falls- Man cuts own throat while staying at the Cararact House.
A New Wine Company in St. Louis- "The American Wine Company".
Mr. Douglas At Bangor- Young Men's Mass Meeting. Bangor, Me., 15th. Judge Douglas arrived in this city today at 2 o'clock by the steamer Sanford. Large crowds thronged the wharves at the varous landings on the river, who loudly cheered the Judge. In this city he was received by a regiment of soldiers, under command of Col. Jameson, and a large concourse of citizens, and was escorted through the principal streets to the Bangor House, where he was received with loud cheering. He made a political speech, occupying more than an hour, to an immense crowd of people.
The Young Men's Democratic Convention today is largely attended and much enthsusiasm manifested...This evening Norombega Hall is thronged, and resolutions adopted endorsing the doctrine of non-intervention as contained in the Kansas-Nebraska Act, reaffirmed by the Cincinnati platform, and again by the Charleston Convention; declaring confidence in Douglas and Johnson and E. K. Smart; denouncing the present State administration for its devotion to the anti-slavery cause and its neglect of the interest of the State and its reckless extravagance; and also proposing additional encouragement for the militia of the State.
Regatta of the New York Yacht Club At New Bedfore-
Fusion Repudiated in Pennsylvania- Harrisburg Pa., 15th. The Douglas State Committee met this afternoon, and sat with closed doors. It is ascertained, however, that it is their unanimous determination to nominate a clean Douglas electoral ticket. The electors on the Reading ticket who are pledged for Douglas, will be retained, and the other districts will be filled by Douglas men. The committe will meet again this evening.
The Zouaves At Home- Chicago, 15th. The Zouaves arrived home today, and were splendidly received by the military and citizens generally.
Marseilles, Thursday, Aug. 2d. According to advices from Alexandria, a great number of Christian refugees had arrived there from Syria. They were well received and lodged in public buildings....The Dutch government...informing the European courts that the assassination of the Dutch consul in Damascus being confirmed, the Government has sent ot Syria, for the protection of its fellow countrymen and defence of the honor of its flag, several vessels of war; and that, moreover, it is consulting with the French government relative to a common movement....When the last despatches left Damascus, at 2 p.m. on Thursday, the 12th inst., the burning slaughter, murder, pillage, and other atrocities continued not merely as bad, but worse than ever, for the miscreant fanatics of the place had been just then joined by a host of Bedouins, Kerds, and Druses, and other scoundrels, who were only too happy for the chance of pillage.
A Sharp Retort- the following spirited reply to a contemporary, which sneered at the Republicans, as having no foreign policy:
We fully agree with the paper referred to, that the important questions may arise during the next four years, in Mexico, Central America and else where....We do not expect to see Mr. Lincoln first making violent threats of war against first-class powers, and afterwards tamely backing down. We do not anticipate the fitting out of expeditions for the bombardment of such cities as Greytown, or the overawing of states like Paraguay. Neither do we belive his officers in the large seaports will let filibusters like Walker escape repeatedly thourhg their fingers, accepting "straw bail" to the amount of one or two thousand dollars, as if leagued wiht those bungling marauders. This description of foreign policy has had its day, to the intense disgust of every American who values the influence and seeks the reputation of his country.
Accident To Blondin, The Tight Rope Performere- Chilicothe, Ohio. While walking the rope, Mr. Blondin was set on fire by a display of fireworks, being two high to jump, the performer had to carefully walk to safety before putting out the fire. His back was badly burned.