150 Years Ago Today....
The Daily True Delta, New Orleans, La., Sept. 2, 1860.
Cotton and Corn in Alabama.- The prospect of the cotton and corn crops in Alabama is anything but flattering. The last issue of the Montgomery Mail contains the following:
In the neighborhood of Mount Meigs, in this county, a day or two since, in company with two planters of large experience, we examined an extensive field of cotton, which was believed to be a fair specimen of the crop in that neighborhood. The field in view produced last year six bales of to the hand, and it is evident that it cannot exceed three bales to the hand this year. Upon this occasion we had a partial view of many other plantations; we have seen the same plantations in the growing season annually for several years past, and we are convinced that there is a mush poorer prospect for cotton this year than we ever knew before on these lands. This statement of facts tallies with nearly all the reports given by our exchanges in the cotton States.
It is believed that there has been nearly enough corn produced in this county to supply the home demand, if it could be equally divided; but as this is not likely to be done, and as the corn crop of many planters is short, our county will draw a considerable quantity from the West.
Direct Trade.- The New York Day Book says: “J. M. Vernon, Esq., the representative of the great Southern movement, sailed today for Europe, for the purpose of purchasing a line of steamers to ply between Continental Europe, the Chesapeake Bay and Charleston, alternately, touching at a point in England and Ireland. This mission of Mr. Vernon’s is one of the direct results of Black Republicanism, the effect of which is to divert trade from New York. Black Republicanism is, after all, a greater enemy, if possible, to the North than the South.”
Later From California- Arrival of the Overland Express-
Reports are afloat that the Tehuanicpee transit route is soon to be opened and a line established between San Francisco and New Orleans. Senator Benjamin, of Louisiana, is supposed to be the author for these reports.
The Pony, with the St. Louis dates to the 4th inst., arrived at Carson river without a rider or letter bags. No details respecting this affair had, as yet, been obtained.
Col. Fremont forbids the Chinese miners on his land to pay the license tax levied on foreign miners by the State. He contends that the State has no right thus to interfere with the development of private property.
Black Republicans entertain strong hopes of carrying the State for Lincoln. They will probably carry the city of San Francisco by a large majority.
Later From Pike’s Peak- Arrival of the Overland Express-
It is said that the population at the gold mines numbers about 60,000. Mining operations are brisk, and the people are kept very busy at the diggings.
The whole crop of New Mexico is said to be a total failure.
The Navajo and Cheyenne Indians are still very troublesome.
England and Nicaragua- Treaties Between The Two Countries- British Protectorate Extended over Nicaragua.-…These treaties, at the present time, will attract more than usual attention, in view of the fact that Walker is again filibustering….
Abolition Incendiarism Rampant- It would appear that the recent insurrctionary movements of the abolitionist in Texas were not intended to be confined to that State alone, but were to extend throughout the South. But from the prompt manner in which our Texas neighbors have dealt with those firebrands of society, it is probable we have heard the last of the fiendish acts of these abolitionist in that State. From Columbus (Ga.) Sun of Wednesday last, we gather the particulars of the discovery of an insurrectionary plot in that State:
….Sunday night was the time appointed to burn the town of Dalton, and destroy as many lives as possible. It was fortunately discovered in time and thirty-six negroes were arrested and confined in jail. They confessed that after destroying the town of Dalton they were to go out into the little villages and vicinity and accomplish all they could in the work of destruction. They intended on the succeeding day (Monday) to go in a body to the railroad and after taking possession of the train, to proceed down the road, stopping as long as they saw fit at each station, intending to reach Marietta in the night, where it was designed to pursue the work of killing and burning, and thence as far on the road as they were successful.
From Dalton to a few miles above Marietta, the people were under arms and adopted measures to protect the women and children. As soon as the train from Chattanooga reached Marietta Saturday morning, a meeting of the citizens was called and as strong guard appointed who were relieved by another on Sunday. The military companies turned out and every precaution taken.
It is not thought that any of the negroes of Marietta were concerned in it, though those arrested in Dalton say they expected to gain men and arms along the railroad as far as they went. They had quantities of arms in their possession, and white men instigated the plot, though none have been arrested for want of sufficient proof.
Danger At Home.- … We heard yesterday of an occurrence that took place near Coffeeville, Clark County (Alabama), last week, that should put us upon our guard. A party, purported to be Gypsies, went to the house of a gentleman in the neighborhood, informed him that one of their number had died, and requested permission to bury him upon this gentleman’s land, and also the assistance of his negroes. The permission was given, the negroes sent, and the coffin interred. On the next day one of the negroes remarked to his master that the coffin that had been buried was exceedingly heavy. This excited enquiry, and the coffin was dug up by a committee, when it was found to be filled with ARMS and AMUNITION!- A party has left Coffeeville in pursuit of the “Gipsies,” as these scoundrels called themselves.
Letter found in Autauga county, Ala., -
“My Dear Friend: I have things arranged satisfactory, and I think we shall be successful in the great and good cause in which we are sworn not to abandon until we are triumphant in accomplishing its end. From recent developments in this neighborhood, and in fact form observation, I think we will act with wisdom if can arrange so as to “bring the thing to a test,” for you know if an apple is not eaten when it is mellow and ripe, it will soon rotten and be fit for nothing. I shall remain here and see what I can ultimately do, for we hold everything in our own hands and can play the game to suit ourselves. One and all are ready for the final struggle, which I pray to God will be last that will be necessary to do away with one of the “evils” of the land of freedom- an evil which consigns to bondage a race which deserves to be free, and which, with my assistance, I hope will be. I would write more but my means for writing being so bad, I will have to bring my scrawl to an end. Hoping by this time next year to have the pleasure of informing you that the great cause in which we are engaged will finally be settled, I am, as ever and ready, your friend.
Alleged Abolition Conspiracy in Tennessee.- Several negroes were arrested in Memphis, Tenn., last Wednesday, charged with having in their possession a large quantity of poison, which they confessed was given them by white men, for the purpose of destroying the lives of the white people of the neighborhood.
Steam Between Boston and New Orleans.- We need scarcely say that we hear with the highest satisfaction that Boston is soon to have, what we are surprised she should have been so long without, a first-rate line of steam-propelled vessels to ply between that port and this. Two ships, of over twenty-two hundred tons burden each, are now being built for this pioneer line, and one of them will, we are confidently assured,