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150 Years ago today...where are the Coolies?

NOTE: For future reference. The political makeup of the New Orleans papers are as follows:

The Daily True Delta- Douglas
The New Orleans Commercial Bulletin- Bell
The Courier- Breckinridge


*****************The Daily True Delta, New Orleans, La., Tuesday, September 11, 1860***********************

Breckinridge vs History

[In 1856 Breckinridge supported the Nebraska bill and spoke out for it]…”If the people of Indiana sought to abolish capital punishment in their State, the citizens of Kentucky had no right to oppose them, and so of the question of slavery and all other local questions” [Breckinridge]….No Nebraska bill was required to give the people rights they already possessed; and this, both the secessionists who support the Breckinridge sham, and the abolitionists who league with Buchanan, Slidell, Bright & Co. to elect Lincoln, clearly and well comprehended. The bill was introduced and passed, because its advocates maintained that the people of the Territories, like those of the States, should be left entirely free to accept or reject slavery, as the nature of their soil and climate, and a clear perception of their own interests might dictate. Breckinridge now denies this; so do the nullifiers; but their abolition friends adhere to their first impressions.


Fighting On the Mexican Border.- Trouble in New Mexico.- the San Diego mail that arrived at San Antonio on the 3d inst., brings intelligence of a disturbed state of affairs on the Mexican border. The following is extracted from a private letter to Mr. Giddings, the proprietor of the line, written by his agent in El Paso.

The disturbed state of the Mexican side of the river is the all engrossing topic with us, and they are even now at the present writing supposed to be engaged in actual conflict with a party of troops, about five miles below here on the Mexican side of the river, which were understood as advancing form Guadalupe.- Every thing over there is in a regular “Mexican Mess,” and the Mexicans from this side won’t cross over for fear of being pressed into the “Army”.
Up in New Mexico there is serious trouble with the Navajos. I am sorry to say that Marianna Barrilla’s train was attacked – 108 mules were taken, and three men killed. Another train owned by Baca from New Mexico was also attacked, and 80 mules taken. Col. Fauntleroy, commander of the Department of New Mexico, is sending troops as fast as they come in from the Plains upon the Indians. Eight hundred volunteers are called out by the Colonel. They have already had one big fight within 30 miles of Santa Fe. Both got whipped badly.


Important Indian Fight.- We extract the following from the San Antonio Herald of the 4th:

Captain S. D. Sturgis, 1st Cavalry, commanding the Southern Column of the Kioway andComanche expedition, which moved from Fort Cobb in the Department of Texas, some weeks since, reports that on the 7th ultimo he came up with a large body of Comanches and Kioways, and he thinks, Cheyennes, estimated at from six hundred to eight hundred, on the “Republican” about sixty miles Southwest of Fort Kearney.

The Indians had prepared to give battle, but it appears that their courage took flight on the approach of the troops, and they fled in pursuit of their departed bravery. A running fight over a space of about fifteen miles ensued, which terminated by the Indians separating into small parties and scattering in all directions, rendering further pursuit impossible. Twenty-nine Indians are known to have been killed, but form the nature of the engagement and the country over which it was fought, it will probably be impossible to tell with certainty the actual loss of the Indians. The loss to the troops, was one man missing, (supposed to have been killed,) and three wounded- two friendly Indians were also killed.


Georgia Items.-…The Main Trunk railroad is progressing. The iron has been laid down one hundred and sixty-two miles from Savannah. It is expected to be laid to Thomasville by February next, and Bainbridge by January, 1862.


Emigrating West.- The tide of emigration to the Great West, from the North and East, has set in again in earnest. The Philadelphia ledger remarks:

The travel of emigrants over the Pennsylvania Railroad, for distant points West, is somewhat larger than at the same period last year. The number starting from the depot in Dock street, will average about one hundred daily, and most of them are supplied with means to purchase themselves farms in Kansas, Missouri, Minnesota, or enter into manufacturing pursuits. The emigrants now leaving Philadelphia have as a general thing, been living in the city and vicinity for several years, engaged in farming or in mechanical pursuits, and are well prepared to battle with the difficulties surrounding the settlements in new countries. Those who start from New York and pass over the Pennsylvania Railroad, are generally emigrants that have been in the country but a short time.


Additional Texas Items.-

New Cotton- The Galveston News says: Cotton of the new crop received here so far, form all we can learn, is cleaner, of better quality, and has evidently been more carefully handled than that of previous seasons.
A man, accused of abolitionism, was hung a short time ago, learns the Sumpter Valley, near Angel’s Store, about twenty-two miles north of Sumpter, in Houston county.

The Weatherford News of the 31st ult., reports a marauding expedition of Indians in Palo Pinto county. They killed near the town a negro belonging to Mr. Craven, of Fannin county, stole and killed horses, mules and beeves belonging to different persons, and then made off. Captain S. Jones then went in pursuit of them with his minute company.

The Belton Democrat says, in regard to a State Convention, to take into consideration the best means to prevent a recurrence of the abolition troubles in our State:

From the startling disclosures known to the public already, and others that wisdom requires should not be divided for a time, we are, in the absence of more time for reflection, decidedly in favor of such a convention, made up of men of known fidelity, experience and judgment, regardless of old divisions amongst us. Separate county action is well; be general, harmonious and systematic action throughout the State of these agents of everything that is wicked. We should be glad to have the people take action on the subject in their mass meeting to-day (Saturday.) Should the convention be called to meet at some point convenient to Northern and Central Texas, say Waco, Corsicana or Fairfield, it would be largely attended, and, we must think, great good would come of it. We can see no solid objections to it.


Aurora Borealis.- A splendid exhibition of this phenomenon occurred at Chicago on the evening of the 6th, of which the Times says; About eight o’clock a luminous appearance, and accompanying electric cloud, was first noticed in detached portions just above the northern horizon. In the course of half an hour white streams darted up. Soon they disappeared, and others of a deep read hue appeared , extending up far towards the zenith. While these were yet bright, a clear belt of white light suddenly crossed form the east to the west, cutting the galaxy a little north of the zenith at an acute angle. This occurred a few minutes before 9 o’clock, and lasted not more than ten minutes. As the eastern portion faded, a brilliant nebula remained suspended in mid air, some ten degrees above the western horizon. Just then fiery streamers lit up the north with a light similar to the reflection of a great fire upon a hazy atmosphere. The entire display was one of rare beauty and interest.


Ben Hill At Tuskegee.- The Tuskegee Republican give a stirring account of the great Union meeting of Saturday before last. It says that it was the largest ever assembled in Tuskegee, and fully satisfied every one who witnessed it that Macon county will roll up a handsome majority for Bell and Everett in November. Hon. B. H. Hill was the principal speaker, and make one of his best speech that has been delivered during the campaign, and has been the means of accomplishing much good for our cause. Col. W. F. Wright, of Ga., also made an able and telling speech….


****************The New Orleans Commercial Bulletin, September 11, 1860******************

The Coolie Trade to Cuba.- The following statistics of the Coolie trade to Cuba, from September 16th, 1859 to August 24th, 1860, are taken from the Washington (D.C.) Constitution: the number of vessels employed during that time, is 15, whereof 6 were French, 4 Americans, 4 Spanish, and 1 Dutch; the number of Coolies landed in Cuba, was 5,569: died on passage, 499: total landed in Cuba, since 1847, 48,070. The Coolies were shipped form the Chinese ports of Canton, Macao, Swaow, and Amoy: and from the Spanish East India port of Manila.


****************The Courier, New Orleans, La., September 11, 1860************************
Cut His Wife.- James Britton had a quarrel with his wife Sunday afternoon at their home in the rear of Gravier street, and became so incensed that, after beating her, he stabbed her in the back with a bowie knife. Supernumerary Dugger arrested Britton, who appeared before Recorder Emerson yesterday and gave bonds for further examination.


The Ax.- Bridget McCormack.- was arrested yesterday afternoon, in Tehoupitoclas street, for striking Mr. Farrell on the head with an ax. Farrell was also arrested as principal witness.


City Mortality.- The Board of Health reports 194 deaths during the week ending last Sunday. 50 adult males; 27 adult females; 31 male children, 29 female children. 168 whites; 16 mulattoes, and 10 blacks. There were three deaths by yellow fever, but the disease was not considered epidemic.


Orthodoxy and Conservatism.-

….How is it that in the midst of these noisy and empty professions in favor of the constitution and the law, not one voice – outside of the Democratic party- is raised in defense of the decision of the Supreme Court, which is in reality the only guide we have to the constitutionality and legality? A sincere and patriotic desire to bring about a strict ENFORCEMENT OF THE LAW can only be tested at present by submission to the decision of that august tribunal in the Dred Scott case. ENFORCEMENT OF THE LAW, therefore- if it be not a cheat, a deception, a lie- means protection to slavery in the Territories. Protection, forsooth! How will it sound it sound in the ears of Mr. Bell and his followers? Are they prepared to adopt this irresistible conclusion?...How can protection harmonise with the direct or indirect support which is given to Douglas, the reviler of the Supreme Court, the contemner of the Dred-Scott decision?

If we understand the drift of the arguments of the Opposition papers, an effort is made to liken protection to disunion. Ergo: Chief Justice Taney is a Disunionist. His six colleagues, whose views on the subject of protection coincided with his own, are Disunionist. The inference is, therefore, plain that only the two Black Republican Judges who differed in opinion from the majority of the Court, are welcome to claim exemption from the odium of this wholesale impeachment….

David Upton

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150 Years ago today...where are the Coolies?
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