July 5, 2011
On this date 150 years ago, Carthage, Missouri, witnessed an attack by Federal forces on pro-secessionist Missouri troops under the command of Governor Claiborne Jackson, a staunch Confederate. While the Missouri troops were less well organized than the Union forces, they outnumbered the latter three to one. As the Southern cavalry attacked both sides of the Union line, the Northern troops under General Franz Sigel fell back. Total losses were tallied at 40 to 50 Confederates killed and 120 wounded, while the Union reported 13 deaths and 31 wounded. In spite of this, the battle was considered a Confederate victory. It slowed considerably the Federal push into south-west Missouri and provided the South with a triumph important to Confederate morale.