The French influence stretched far into the heart of Alabama following the river trade routes. Fort Toulouse north of present day Montgomery was founded around 1717 by the French. The French intermarried with the Creek women, the Creeks and the Metis Creeks intermarried or had relations with African slaves. DNA proves this. The lower Creeks, those that were not removed by government to the Indian Territories, served in the Confederate forces. Not identified by their race but only by their names, records prove that General Bragg and General Johnston's escort was made up of Lower Creeks of mixed race.. European, Native American and African. French and Creek only would properly be identified as Metis peoples, but the added culture of the African slaves would allow, arguably, the term Creole to be used. Across the bay, east of the city of Mobile into Baldwin and Escambia counties many of these peoples considered themselves Creole and had been living in these areas before the Revolution. These were educated and people of means in the 1850s and 60s. Today many of these peoples (not all of the blood relations) formed into the Poarch Creek Nation and are recognized by the Federal Government as a Native American Tribe. It is a fascinating story.