The only census I could find that Charles E. Boles was listed in was the 1870 census and it stated he was living in Montana. Probably should have been the Montana Territory at the time. This seems to connect him with other historians saying that Wells Fargo took advantage of him with the claim he was working.
The question appears to be was Charles E. Boles in Company B of the 116th Illinois Infantry the same Charles Earl Boles known as Black Bart.
The Civil War Database stated Charles E. Boles enlisted as a private on August 13, 1862 at Decatur, Illinois in Company B of the 116th Illinois and was discharged on June 7, 1865 at Washington, DC and it looks like he left as a 1st Sergeant.
Detective Hume found his family Bible in his motel room and had his name in the Bible as Charles Earl Boles and this seems to be documented.
The next time I'm at the NARA in DC I'll pull Charles E. Boles CMSR's to see if I can learn anything new about this soldier. I'm hoping for a physical description of the soldier but it may not be there.
Black Bart was only convicted of his last stage coach robbery and sentenced to six years and served only four getting out on good behavior.
I'll admit David if the newspaper story is true it does fit into Black Bart's history.
History today seems to reflect a few southern boys getting into trouble after the war like Jesse and Frank James and the Younger brother's etc. while the northern boys seemed to have jobs as sheriffs like some of the Earp brothers or Wild Bill Hickok.
If Charles E. Boles was the same soldier as Black Bart then a former Yankee would be the outlaw and a former Lieutenant Colonel, Dudley Evans of the 20th Virginia Cavalry who was an executive with Wells Fargo would be made out to be the bad guy if some history is correct and Wells Fargo took advantage of Charles E. Boles. Some former Confederates can't seem to catch a break. Even the word gentleman is used in referring to Black Bart as in gentleman bandit. I get that because he did not kill anyone and he was polite as far as outlaws go however in my opinion the true gentleman was Dudley Evans and he was a southern gentleman in the sense of the term.