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Re: Camp Chase and Evansville, IN

An error, The 31 Confederate reinterred from Camp Dennison was in July 1869 and not in May. The East Cemetery was May of 1869.

Below is one of the Mississippi Confederates buried at Chase. It is not completed yet but most of the short biography is. In speaking to Grady Howell he too believes an error occurred with the spelling of his surname. I don't know if I mentioned this in the biography but the reason why the Larey brothers resigned their commissions was a promise made to their mother not to lead soldiers against the United States. They however did not promise not to fight as enlisted soldiers.

Private Samuel C. P. LAREY - Inscription on tombstone #2134 reads “S. C. P. LAREY CO. G 9 MISS. REG. C.S.A.” He was taken prisoner at the Battle of Shiloh, Tennessee in April 1862.

Approximate age of death at Camp Dennison, Ohio was 33 years old.

According to the Edwards-Zeigler-The Smith-Murray Family History; the alleged parents of Samuel C. P. Larey were Maria Hall (Her father Major William Hall was an American Revolutionary patriot) and Daniel Larey and married on February 11, 1813 in Orangeburg, South Carolina.

The compiler notes in the above source the couple had eight children eight sons and two daughters.

The compiler notes there is a gap with some of children born to Daniel and Maria according to the Orangeburg County Historical Society.
The Orangeburg Historical Society also alluded to a Samuel P. Larey as one of the sons of Daniel and Maria Hall.

genealogist named Deborah noted S.C.P. Larey from a South Carolina newspaper report was from Orangeburg, South Carolina and had married Miss Mary Taylor Loftin of Claiborne Parish Louisiana No year is given for this page in that newspaper.

The 1860 listed the family surname as Larry but looking at the actual script on the census records the compiler believes it was spelled as Larey and will be listed this way. The census listed a S. C. P. (A male) Larey, born about 1832 in South Carolina and noted his occupation as a farmer and listed as the head of the household and living with his wife N. J. (A female) Larey, born about 1837 in Georgia. Another household member was W. E. (A male) (Spelled as) Fulten, born about 1839 in Tennessee. The household was living in Ward 4 in Claiborne Parish in Louisiana and the nearest Post Office was reported as Minden and the census was enumerated on August 3, 1860. (The compiler notes Claiborne Parish is adjacent to the State of Mississippi)

The compiler notes Cass County, Georgia was renamed as Bartow County, Georgia in December of 1861 because of the namesake of Cass County, Lewis Cass had an alleged anti-slavery position.

According to the “Statement of Reference Slip by the Georgia Commissioner of Pensions Junior Lieutenant Samuel C. P. Larey (The compiler notes a Junior 2nd Lieutenant and 3rd Lieutenant were one in the same rank) of Company E of the 1st Regiment Confederate Georgia Volunteer Infantry enlisted on March 18, 1861. 3rd lieutenant and private (1st) Company E, 1st Regiment Confederate Infantry (Also known as 1st Regiment Confederate Georgia Volunteers) September and October 1861 roll, last on which borne, present one subsequent roll, January and February 1862. Company appears to have been disbanded about March 1862. No prisoner of war records found. May 8, 1916. No later record found.” (The compiler notes this was also the findings of the Adjutant General)

Compiled Military Service Records for 3rd Lieutenant Samuel C. P. Larey listed him in Company E of the 36th (Villepigue’s) Georgia Infantry (1st Battalion Georgia Volunteers [Larey’s] and [Villeigue’s] Georgia and Mississippi Regiment Volunteers, 1st Regiment Confederate Infantry).

A company muster roll dated April 16, 1861 stated 3rd Lieutenant Samuel C. P. Larey of the 36th Georgia (Villepigue’s) joined on March 18, 1861 at Cartersville, Georgia (Cass/Bartow Counties) in Captain William H. Howard Junior’s Company Larey’s (Peter H. Larey) Independent Battalion, Georgia Volunteers and noted he was thirty-two years old and a law student and enlisted for twelve months and was mustered into service on April 16, 1861. The compiler notes Peter H. Larey graduated from the South Carolina College in 1850 (Now known as the University of South Carolina) and was in law practice with Mr. Howard in Georgia. The company muster roll went on to state “Received into the service of the Confederate States in the Provisional Army, April 16, 1861, Headquarters Troops Confederate States, near Pensacola, Florida-John H. Forney, Captain, C.S.A. Acting Inspector General.” And also “This company was formerly known as Captain Larey’s Company, Georgia Volunteers, and it subsequently became Company E, 36th (Villepigue’s) Georgia Regiment. The 1st (also known as Larey’s and as Villepigue’s) Battalion Georgia Volunteers was organized with five companies, A to E, by General Order number 19, Headquarters Troops Confederate States, dated April 16, 1861. It was increased to a regiment in October, 1861, and was known as the Georgia and Mississippi Regiment, but it was officially recognized by the Adjutant and Inspectors General Office as the 36th Georgia Regiment. This designation was changed to the 1st Regiment Confederate Infantry by Special Orders number 25, Adjutant and Inspectors General Office, dated January 31, 1862. Caption of roll shows Received into service of the State of Georgia on the eighteen day of March, 1861 and term of service to date there from.”

A muster roll dated April 16, to June 30, 1861 stated Private Samuel C. P. Larey of Company E of Villepigue’s Independent Battalion, Georgia Volunteers enrolled on March 18, 1861 at Cartersville, Georgia by Peter H. Larey for twelve months and pay due from enrollment and noted he was present. Under remarks it stated “Resignation of 2nd Lieutenant accepted and returned to ranks May 28, 1861, per Special Orders number 77 dated May 28, 1861 at Headquarters Troops Confederate States near Pensacola, Florida.”

In a letter dated May 28, 1861 General Bragg writes: “Headquarters, Troops, C.S. near Pensacola, Florida May 28, 1861. Special Orders number 77. The resignation of Lieutenant Samuel C. P. Larey of Captain Howard’s company Battalion of Georgia Volunteers is hereby accepted, to take effect from this date. Lieutenant Larey will resume his position as a private in the company. The Commanding officers of the Georgia Battalion cause the vacancy resulting from Lieutenant Larey’s resignation to be filled according to the law the State by command of Brigadier General Bragg.”

The compiler notes it is not entirely clear why Lieutenant Samuel C. P. Larey resigned and it is further noted his assumed brother Peter H. Larey who had been elected as Major also resigned in June of 1861. On pages one and two under miscellaneous it appears Samuel C. P. Larey’s mother in South Carolina was against the Confederate government and resigned his commission leading men into war due to her wishes. In the compilers opinion it had nothing to do with the character or leadership of the men. Peter H. Larey born in 1830 to Daniel and Maria Larey in Orangeburg County, South Carolina would later enlist as a private in Company M of the 6th Alabama Infantry and would have an outstanding war record.

A company muster roll dated July and August 1861 reported Private Samuel C. P. Larey in Company E of the 1st Battalion Georgia Volunteers enlisted for twelve months on March 18, 1861 at Cartersville, Georgia by P. H. Larey and last paid on June 30, 1861 and noted as present.

A company muster roll dated for September and October 1861 stated Private Samuel C. P. Larey, of Company E of the Georgia and Mississippi Regiment of Volunteers as present and enlisted on March 18, 1861 at Cartersville, Georgia by P. H. Larey for twelve months and last paid on August 31, 1861. (The compiler notes this would be his last entry in this unit).

The compiler can only speculate as to why Private Samuel C. P. Larey is going to change regiments. As a former 3rd Lieutenant it may have been difficult for sergeants and other non-commissioned officers now having a former boss under their command and likewise it may have been difficult for Private Larey. The compiler further notes he was not required to serve as a private since he was an officer but nothing preventing him do so on his own accord.

The compiler would like to acknowledge Rick Bryant for correctly finding his name listed as Samuel C. P. Leary in the 9th Mississippi Infantry.
Compiled Military Service Records show in a company muster a Private Samuel C. P. (Spelled as) Leary in Captain F. E. Whitehead’s Company of the 9th Mississippi Infantry and enlisted in Warrington, Florida (Escambia County) on December 18, 1861 for two years or the duration of the war and his muster in date, was March 27, 1862. It was noted original term of service expired on March 27, 1862. He re-enlisted to serve two years from that date or for the war. And “This company subsequently became (New) Company G 9th Regiment Mississippi Infantry. The 9th Regiment Mississippi Infantry was organized in March, 1861, of companies which had previously been in the State service and was mustered into the Confederate service for twelve months. About March, 1862, it was consolidated into eight companies which were composed of men who had re-enlisted. Two independent companies of Mississippi infantry were added to the organization and this action was confirmed by Special Order number 251, Adjutant and Inspector General’s Office, dated October 27, 1862.”
A company muster roll dated for May and June 1862 listed Private S. C. P. Larey in (New) Company G in the 9th Regiment Mississippi Volunteers as enlisting in Pensacola, Florida on December 18, 1861 for two years and noted as absent, lost in Battle of Shiloh April 6, 1862.
A company muster roll dated from July 1, 1862 through October 31, 1862 stated the same information about Private S. C. P. (Spelled as) Larry only lost in Battle of Shiloh on April 7, 1862.

A company muster roll dated for November and December 1862 also listed his surname as Larry and noted he had been listed as a deserter since December 8, 1862.

The compiler notes the American casualties at the Battle of Shiloh exceeded those of all American casualties of the American Revolution and War of 1812 combined.

The compiler notes the strict policy Confederate General Beauregard had set into place prior to the Battle of Shiloh. The following are his actual orders concerning the wounded.

“IV. Soldiers must not be permitted to leave the ranks, even to assist in removing our own dead, unless by special permission, which shall only be given when the action has been decided. The surest way to protect the wounded is to drive the enemy from the field. The most pressing, highest duty, is to win the victory.” “VIII. Before and immediately after the battle, the roll of each company will be called, and absentees must be strictly accounted for. To quit their standard on the battle field, under fire, under pretense of removing or aiding the wounded, will not be permitted. Any one persisting in it will be shot on the spot, and whosoever shall be found to have quit the field, or his regiment or company, without authority, will be regarded and proclaimed as a coward, and dealt with accordingly. By command of General Beauregard, Thomas Jordan, A.A.G."

The compiler notes that some Confederates thought to have been killed at Shiloh would later turn up at northern hospitals.
Private M. B. Smith a member of Company C of the 2nd Texas Infantry (Moore’s) at the Battle of Shiloh wrote the following words about the battle afterwards. Private M. B. Smith’s lieutenant, Samuel Houston Junior, the oldest son of famous Sam Houston of Texas was left for dead at Shiloh but later found to be wounded and taken to the northern prison Camp Douglas, Illinois.

“Come all ye valiant soldiers -- a story I will tell
About the bloody battle that was fought on Shiloh Hill.
It was an awful struggle and will cause your blood to chill;
It was the famous battle that was fought on Shiloh Hill.

'Twas on the sixth of April, just at the break of day;
The drums and fifes were playing for us to march away.
The feeling of that hour I do remember still,
When first my feet were tromping on the top of Shiloh Hill.

About the hour of sunrise the battle it began;
Before the day was ended, we fought 'em hand to hand.
The horrors of that field did my heart with anguish fill
For the wounded and the dying that lay on Shiloh Hill.

There were men from every nation laid on those bloody plains,
Fathers, sons, and brothers were numbered with the slain,
That has caused so many homes with deep mourning to be filled,
All from the bloody battle that was fought on Shiloh Hill.

The wounded men were crying for help from everywhere,
While others who were dying were offering God their prayer,
"Protect my wife and children if it is Thy holy will!"
Such were the prayers I heard that night on Shiloh Hill.

And early the next morning we were called to arms again,
Unmindful of the wounded and unuseful to the slain;
The struggle was renewed again, and ten thousand men were killed;
This was the second conflict of the famous Shiloh Hill.

The battle it raged on, though dead and dying men
Lay thick all o'er the ground, on the hill and on the glen;
And from their deadly wounds, the blood ran like a rill;
Such were the mournful sights that I saw on Shiloh Hill.

Before the day was ended, the battle ceased to roar,
And thousands of brave soldiers had fell to rise no more;
They left their vacant ranks for some other ones to fill,
And now their mouldering bodies all lie on Shiloh Hill.

And now my song is ended about those bloody plains;
I hope the sight by mortal man may ne'er be seen again!
But I pray to God, the Saviour, "If consistent with Thy will,
To save the souls of all who fell on bloody Shiloh Hill."

The compiler notes Private Samuel C. P. Larey had been wounded at Shiloh and likely left on the field of battle. He would have been either taken to a Union field hospital or perhaps a hospital vessel on the Tennessee River.

Federal POW Records noted he had been shot in the foot and the shoulder.

The compiler notes individual States hired their own vessels under the United States Sanitary Commission and brought back wounded and sick from the Battle of Shiloh to various cities along the Mississippi and Ohio Rivers. One of Ohio’s two vessels was named the “Magnolia”.
The Cincinnati Gazette on April 18, 1862 page 1 column 7, Some of the names and units are incorrect under caption “SICK AND WOUNDED REBELS” The USS Magnolia left Pittsburg Landing on April 14, 1862 at 12:30 pm with 250 wounded Union and 57 Confederates. The "Magnolia” pulled into a dock on the Ohio River in Cincinnati, Ohio and sick and wounded taken by rail on the Little Miami Railroad to the Camp Dennison hospital. The newspaper carried the name of S. C. Lavy of the 9th Mississippi as one of the 57 wounded and sick.

Federal POW Records stated Private Larey of Company G of the 9th Mississippi was admitted to the United States Army General Hospital on April 20, 1862 at Camp Dennison, Ohio and assigned to ward one and noted as a Secesh, (Referred to as secessionist)
Federal POW Records reported Private S. C. P. Larey of Company G in the 9th Regiment Mississippi Volunteers appearing on a list of Confederate prisoners who have died in General Hospitals in the Department of the Ohio. List dated Department of the Ohio, Medical Director’s Office in Cincinnati, Ohio April 20, 1863. And it further noted he was taken prisoner at Shiloh and his cause of death was a gun-shot wound to the shoulder and was originally buried in grave number 48 at the Waldschmidt Cemetery near Camp Dennison according to records from Camp Dennison located at the Ohio Historical Society, in Columbus, Ohio and noted he had no property.


On May 1, 1862 at Washington, D.C., President Lincoln admonishes General McClellan: "Your call for Parrott guns from Washington alarms me—chiefly because it argues indefinite procrastination. Is anything to be done?"

And on Thursday, May 1, 1862 at far away Camp Dennison, Ohio Federal POW Records reported the death of Private S. C. P. Larey of Company G of the 9th Mississippi Volunteers due to due to a gun-shot wound.

He was one of the thirty-one Confederates reinterred from the Waldschmidt cemetery near Camp Dennison, Ohio to the Camp Chase Cemetery in 1869. After the war the State of Ohio decided to place all known Confederate dead in the State to two locations, the Camp Chase Confederate Cemetery and Johnson’s Island near Lake Erie. (The compiler notes that not all of the Confederate dead at the Waldschidt cemetery were taken to Chase for an unknown reason and a few are now interred at the Spring Grove cemetery in Cincinnati, Ohio.) General Judson D. Bingham of the Quartermasters Department of the Great Lakes carried out the States request in 1869 and sent Agent Mark E. Irving of Detroit, Michigan to Ohio to implement the chore.

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Re: Camp Chase and Evansville, IN
Re: Camp Chase and Evansville, IN
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