The Tennessee in the Civil War Message Board


Perhaps- PVT. J.J. Minter of Co. "E", Stewart's/Logwood's 15th Tn Cav. Consolidated. Regimental history below:

Also called 2nd Organization, 15th Consolidated Tennessee Cavalry Regiment. Formed February 5, 1864 by consolidation of 15th (Stewart's), 16th (Logwood's) Regiments and Street's Battalion Mississippi Cavafry; consolidated March, 1865 with 14th (Neely's), 21st (Carter's) and 22nd (Nixon's) Regiments to form Nixon's Consolidated Regiment. Paroled Gainesville, Alabama May 1865.

This consolidated regiment was formed at Oxford, Mississippi, by orders of Major General N. B. Forrest, who appointed the field officers. His action was confirmed by the Adjutant and Inspector Generals Office, but not until July 18, 1864.


Colonels-Francis M. Stewart, Thomas H. Logwood

Lieutenant Colonels-Thomas H. Logwood, William A. Dawson

Major-Sol G. Street

CAPTAINS-Peter W. Moore, Co. "A". Formerly "B", 15th Regiment.

J. L. Garrison, Co. "B". Formed from vanous companies of 16th (Logwood's). Men from Fayette County.

H. T. Hanks, Co. "C". Formed from various companies of 15th Regiment.

Thompson Nutt, Co. "D" (also called "E"). Organized October 1, 1863 at Orizabah, Mississippi, from Street's Mississippi Cavalry Battalion.

E. L. Hussey, Co. "E" (also called "D"). Organized October 1, 1863 in Tippah County, Mississippi. Formerly in Street's Mississippi Cavalry Battalion.

T. C. Buchanan, Co. "F". Formed from various companies of 15th Regiment.

R. B. Saunders, Co. "G". Formed from various companies of 15th Regiment.

Gabriel T. Penn, Co. "H". Formed from various companies of 15th Regiment.

P. M. Williams, Co. "I". Formed from various companies of 16th (Logwood's). Men from Shelby, Fayette and Tipton Counties.

John A. Williamson, Co. "K". Formed from various companies of 16th (Logwood's). Men from Fayette and Tipton Counties enrolled at Corinth, Mississippi.

Major Street was killed in May, 1864; Colonel Stewart was relieved of command in October, 1864, and Lieutenant Colonel Logwood was promoted colonel and William A. Dawson, formerly lieutenant colonel of the 15th, became lieutenant colonel, and was killed in November, 1864.

The regiment was placed in Brigadier General R. V. Richardson's Brigade, Brigadier General J. R. Chalmers' Division, along with the 7th (Duckworth's), 12th (Green's), and 14th (Neely's) Regiments.

Colonel Logwood, in Lindsley's Annals, states: "At the time of this new organization, not more than fifty of the officers and men had ever drilled an hour, and in this condition the command was ordered to march, and we proceeded to Grenada, Mississippi, and thence to West Point, where the command of General Forrest met and repulsed a large Cavalry force under General Sooy Smith. The 15th was in that engagement, was dismounted, and in an hour after the enemy broke and began the retreat, Richardson's Brigade was ordered to move back to Grenada, and thence down the Yazoo River to meet a raiding force that was advancing northward from Yazoo City."

This movement culminated in an attack on Yazoo City, March 5, 1864. General Richardson reported: "The 15th, and its gallant and dashing Colonel Logwood, behaved well. Its flag bears ten bullet holes through its folds, and one through its staff, as honorable mementos of the fierce struggle it passed."

Shortly thereafter, Colonel Duckworth was given command of the brigade, which he retained until May 10, when his regiment was transferred to another brigade, and Colonel Neely of the 14th assumed command of the remaining regiments in the brigade. On May 21, General Forrest, in answer to complaints that the new cavalry regiments contained many men who were absent without leave from Infantry Regiments, had a long list of such men arrested, and turned over to the proper authorities. Among them were 91 from the 15th, and the following day another 58 were reported as having deserted from that regiment. On June 3, Captain Higgs' Company of Scouts, who had been serving with the brigade, at their own request were attached to the 15th Tennessee as part of that regiment.

As part of Neely's Brigade, the regiment moved in June to join Brigadier General Gideon J. Pillow in a raid on Sherman's communications which ended with an attack on LaFayette, Georgia on June 24, 1864. On July 18, Duckworth's 7th Regiment was returned as a member of the brigade. On July 27, the Adjutant and Inspector General's Office took note of the fact that there were two 15th Tennessee Cavalry Regiments, one under Colonel Robert M. Russell in Bell's Brigade, one under Colonel Stewart in Neely's Brigade, and ordered that they be referred to as Russell's and Stewart's Regiments until proper numbers could be assigned. Russell's Regiment was eventually designated as the 2Oth, (q.v.) but it continued to be referred to at times as the 15th Regiment.

The regiment got back from the expedition under General Pillow just in time to form in line of battle at Harrisburg July 15, for General S. D. Lee's encounter with the Federal forces under Major General A. J. Smith. It was next engaged in Forrest's raid into the city of Memphis on August 21, with Lieutenant Colonel Logwood in command of the troops that charged into the city.

On August 30, General Forrest constituted Rucker's Brigade, under Colonel Edmund W. Rucker, composed of the 7th, 12th, 14th, 15th Regiments and the 26th Battalion (3rd; Forrest's Old Regiment). As a result of dissatisfaction expressed over this appointment, Colonel Stewart was suspended from command, and Lieutenant Colonel Logwood was promoted colonel in recognition of services rendered on the charge into Memphis.

The regiment was next engaged at the capture of Athens, Alabama, on September 24, 1864, where General Forrest reported: "Colonel Logwood's Command and two companies of Forrest's Regiment charged them behind their breastworks." This charge was made against re-enforcements who were attempting to come to the relief of the garrison, and who had taken shelter behind a pile of crossties. From here the regiment returned to Mississippi in charge of 820 prisoners, plus arms and stores captured at Athens.

It was next engaged at Paris Landing October 30, and Johnsonville early in November, where the 15th, along with the 26th Battalion and Hudson's Battery, captured the gun boat Undine, and the 15th, with Hudson's Battery, drove off five gunboats attempting to come up the river to the relief of Johnsonville.

The regiment then moved with General Forrest into Tennessee in support of General Hood's invasion. Lieutenant Colonel Dawson was killed in a hand to hand fight at Columbia, as the regiment moved up to Spring Hill and the Battle of Franklin. It was engaged in the Battle of Nashville, and the retreat from Tennessee, and came out of the campaign with only 75 men, rank and file.

In February, 1865, General Forrest ordered all the Tennessee troops in his command to report to Brigadier General W. H. Jackson, to be consolidated into six regiments, comprising two brigades. As a result of this order, in March 1865, the 15th Regiment was merged into Nixon's Consolidated Regiment which was paroled at Gainesville, Alabama in May, 1865.

Or Capt.(later Lt. Col.) J.A. Minter, Co."H", 40th TN Inf.

Also called 40th (W. M. Walker's) Regiment Provisional Army,
Confederate States. Officially designated 5th Confederate Infantry Regiment

Organized October, 1861; captured at Island Number 10; released on parole at Vicksburg September, 1862; disbanded and companies distributed to other regiments September, 1862.


Colonels-Lucius M. Walker, Charles C. Henderson.

Lieutenant Colonels-Charles C. Henderson, J. A. Minter, West Steever.

Majors-J. A. Minter, H. H. Higgins.

Colonel Walker was promoted to brigadier general March 11, 1862, and was killed in a duel September 6, 1863.

CAPTAINS-Hiram H. Higgins, Charles W. Raisler, Co. "A". "The Confederate Bricks." Enrolled August 1, 1861 at Athens, Alabama. Subsequently Co. "B", 54th Alabama Infantry Regiment.

Francis A. Ragsdale, Co. "B". Enrolled September 16, 1861 at Madison, Arkansas. A Kentucky Company. Subsequently Co. "K", 8th Kentucky Mounted Infantry Regiment.

Charles C. Henderson, Duncan McMillan, John W. Walker, Co. "C". "The Morton Confederates." A Florida company.

John W. Walker, Co. "C". Enrolled September 13, 1861 at Montgomery, Alabama. Subsequently transferred to 42nd Tennessee Infantry Regiment.

James W. Bush, Joseph A. Daniel, Co. "D". An Arkansas company. Enrolled September 19, 1861 in Arkansas. Subsequently Co. "B", 15th (Johnson's) Arkansas Infantry Regiment.

G. W. Whitfield, Porter Bibb, Jr., Smith C. Twitty, Co. "E". "Alabama Hickorys." Enrolled September 5, 1861 at Mooresville, Alabama. Subsequently Co. "I", 54th Alabama Infantry Regiment.

Samuel McClain, Co. "F". An Arkansas company. Enrolled October 6, 1861 at Memphis; subsequently Co. "E", 15th (Johnson's) Arkansas Infantry Regiment.

John Aaron, Co. "C". An Arkansas company. Enrolled September 23, 1861. Subsequently Co. "D", 15th (Johnson's) Arkansas Infantry Regiment.

John A. Minter, Isaac T. Law, Co. "H". An Alabama company. Enrolled September 4, 1861. Subsequently Co. "A", 54th Alabama Infantry Regiment.

William E. Stewart, Co. "I". An Arkansas company. Enrolled September, 1861. Subsequently Co. "A", 15th (Johnson's) Arkansas Infantry Regiment.

Aaron G. Hammack, Thomas H. Withers, Co. "K". An Alabama company. Enrolled at Memphis, October 2, 1861. Subsequently Co. "K", 5th Alabama Infantry Regiment.

This regiment was organized at Memphis, Tennessee, October 5, 1861, composed of one Florida, one Kentucky, four Alabama, and four Arkansas companies. Since Colonel L. M. Walker was a Tennessean, and the regiment was organized at Memphis, it was erroneously thought by the Confederate authorities to be a Tennessee regiment, and they advised Governor Isham G. Harris that it had been designated as the 40th Tennessee Regiment, Provisional Army. Governor Harris replied that he knew nothing about it, and inquired when, where, and by whom, it had been organized. When the confusion had been straightened out, an Adjutant and Inspector Generars Office order dated February 25, 1862 specified "The 40th Tennessee Volunteer Regiment, Colonel L. M. Walker, will hereafter be designated as the 5th Confederate Regiment." However, this only served to make the confusion worse, for there was another Tennessee regiment which had been designated as the 5th Confederate Regiment, and was known throughout the war as such. This was a consolidation of I. Knox Walker's 2nd Tennessee with the 21st Tennessee Infantry Regiment. The consolidated regiment was commanded by Colonel James A. Smith. The muster rolls of L. M. Walker's Regiment are filed under the name 40th Tennessee Infantry Regiment, and Smith's Regiment, throughout the war, was referred to in all Official Records as the 5th Confederate Regiment.

The regiment remained at Camp Johnson, Memphis, with Colonel Walker in command of the post, until November 19, 1861, when it moved to Fort Pillow. With it at Fort Pillow was Colonel Baker's 1st Alabama, Mississippi and Tennessee Infantry Regiment. On February 26, 1862 Major General J. P. McCown ordered both regiments to Madrid Bend, where, along with Colonel Travis' 5th Tennessee they were engaged in building fortifications at the mouth of St. John Bayou, above the town of New Madrid, which took the name of Fort Bankhead, in honor of Bankhead's Battery which was stationed there.

A report from Company "G" stated that it was in action at New Madrid from 1st to 15th March, and at Island Number 10 on March 15, 1862. In his report of the evacuation of Madrid Bend, General McCown stated that he ordered the evacuation of Fort Thompson, below the town, and of the fortifications at the mouth of the bayou on March 13, on March 17 turned over command to Brigadier General L. M. Walker, and left Island Number 10 for Fort Pillow. He stated he left at Madrid Bend, Stewart's Battery, Captains Hudson's and Wheeler's Cavalry Companies, Henderson's 40th Tennessee, the 1st Alabama-Mississippi-Tennessee Regiment, 11th and 12th Arkansas Regiments, Brown's (55th) and Clark's (46th) Tennessee Regiments, 1st Alabama Regiment, and Terry's Arkansas Battalion.

On March 21, 1862, a report of the forces at Madrid Bend showed the 1st Alabama, 1st Alabama, Mississippi and Tennessee, 40th, 46th, 55th Tennessee Infantry Regiments, and the Corps Heavy Artillery. The 4Oth at this time reported 471 present for duty out of 668 present. A report from Company "D" stated it was in support of Watson's Battery at Madrid Bend, from April 7, 1862 till the retreat to Tiptonville.

The regiment was surrendered at Tiptonville April 8, 1862. It was released on parole at Vicksburg, Mississippi in September, 1862, and was stationed in the vicinity of Columbus, Mississippi and Clinton, Mississippi on October 6, 1862. It was declared exchanged in November, 1862, prior to which time the various companies had been assigned to the regiments shown in the report of company organization.

The only later mention of the 40th Tennessee Regiment was in a report from a Federal scout dated July 22, 1863, in which he was giving such information as he had been able to garner as to the strength of General Joseph E. Johnston's forces in Mississippi after the fall of Vicksburg. He listed the Tennessee Regiments as the 3rd, 10th, 18th, 30th, 4Oth, 50th, 60th Regiments. He was evidently misinformed about the 40th Tennessee, as this regiment had been disbanded nearly a year previously.

or even Sgt. J.M. Minter of Co. "D", 45th Tennessee Infantry

rganized December, 1861; reorganized May, 1862; latter part of 1863 consolidated with 23rd Tennessee Infantry Battalion into field unit; formed part of 4th Tennessee Consolidated Infantry Regiment paroled at Greensboro, May 1, 1865.


Colonels-Addison Mitchell, Anderson Searcy.

Lieutenant Colonels-Ephraim F. Lytle, Alex Hall.

Majors-Samuel A. Carter, Caswell H. Wadley, Tazewell W. Newman, James B. Moore.

The 45th Regiment was organized at Camp Trousdale, Sumner County, with 10 companies which had been enrolled at that point during November and December, 1861.

CAPTAINS-Joseph B. Allison, S. B. Wilson, Co.n"A". Men from Williamson County.

Samuel A. Carter (to major), R. B. Hare, J. F. Coe, W. H. Vernon, Henry C. Irbey, Co. "B". Men from Wilson County.

Addison Mitchell (to colonel), Anderson Searcy (to colonel), A. M. Kirk, Richard Sanford, Co. "C". Men from Rutherford County.

Ephraim F. Lytle (to lieutenant colonel), James B. Moore (to major), Co. "D". Men from Rutherford County.

Thomas D. Peyton, A. M. Dillin, William H. Sikes, Co. "E". Men from Rutherford County.

William B. Oldham, J. H. McLaren, Brett Hardy, Co. "F". Men from Wilson County.

S. S. Preston, John F. Puckett, Co. "G". Men from Wilson County.

Andrew W. Baird, Co. "H". Men from Wilson County.

Henry H. Clayton (to surgeon), James C. Farmer, Co. "I", formerly "D". Men from Rutherford County.

Lycurgus Nelson, Levi B. White, Co. "K". Men from Rutherford County.

At the reorganization in 1862, Captain Anderson Searcy was elected colonel; Alex Hall lieutenant colonel and Tazewell W. Newman major. Major Newman was detached to recruiting service, and C. H. Wadley succeeded him. Wadley was killed at Murfreesboro January 2, 1863, and James B. Moore succeeded him as major.

The 45th was at Murfreesboro February 93, 1862, where it was reported in Major General G. B. Crittenden's Division, Colonel W. S. Statham's Brigade, consisting of the 15th and 22nd Mississippi, 19th, 20th, 28th and 45th Tennessee Infantry Regiments, and Rutledge's Battery, with Lieutenant Colonel Lytle in command of the 45th. As part of Statham's Brigade, the regiment was in Brigadier General John C. Breckinridge's Corps at the Battle of Shiloh, April 6-7, 1862, but no record of its activities was found. On May 26, it was reported at Corinth, Mississippi with the same units in the brigade.

Some time in June or July, Breckinridge's Division was transferred to Major General Earl Van Dorn's District of Mississippi, with headquarters at Vicksburg. The brigade left Vicksburg July 27 for Baton Rouge, Louisiana, where it was engaged on August 5 as part of General Charles Clark's Division, under General Breckinridge's overall command. In this engagement the 19th, 20th, 28th and 45th Regiments were consolidated into one battalion under Colonel Thomas B. Smith of the 20th. it returned from Baton Rouge to Camp Liberty, near Jackson, Mississippi, where it was reported on August 31, 1862.

From here it moved to Murfreesboro, where on September 18, 1862 Colonel F. M. Walker was in command of a brigade composed of the 20th, 28th, 45th Tennessee, 60th North Carolina Infantry Regiments, and two batteries. On December 19, 1862, Brigadier General John C. Brown was given command of the brigade, and it was known as Brown's Brigade until November, 1864, when Brown's and Reynolds' Brigades were consolidated to form Palmer's Brigade.

In the Battle of Murfreesboro, December 31, 1862-January 2, 1863, Brown's Brigade, commanded first by Colonel J. B. Palmer, later by Brigadier General Gideon J. Pillow, formed part of Breckinridge's Division. At this time, the brigade was composed of the 18th, 26th, 28th, 32nd, and 45th Tennessee Regiments, pluS Moses' Battery, with the 32nd on detached service. The regiment suffered only a few casualties on December 31, but in the charge by Breckinridge's Division in the afternoon of January 2, it lost heavily, total casualties amounting to 113. On January 19, 1863, the 45th reported 323 present for duty, out of 449 present.

During January and February, 1863, the regiment was stationed at Tullahoma. On February 16 the 28th was transferred to Cheatham's Division, and on February 28, the 23rd Tennessee Infantry Battalion, which had been recruited by Major Newman, was added to the brigade. During March and April, 1863 the regiment was stationed at Fairfield; and on June 26, just after the affair at Hoover's Gap, Lieutenant General William J. Hardee, in a note to Major General A. P. Stewart, wrote "The 45th is at Shilob Church. If you retrogade, bring it back with you and consider it under your orders. The rest of Brown's Brigade, except the 26th, is at Tullahoma." The brigade remained in Stewart's Division until November 12, 1863. Following the retreat to Chattanooga, the 45th was stationed at Loudon and Charleston. It moved from that area to Chickamauga early in September, and as part of Buckner's Corps, was engaged in the Battle of Chickamauga, September 19-20, 1863, suffering 98 casualties out of 226 effectives engaged. Following the battle the 45th was stationed near Chattanooga, on Lookout Mountain and Missionary Ridge. On November 12, 1863, the brigade was transferred to Major General C. L. Stevenson's Division; the 3rd (Clack's) Tennessee Regiment was added, and the 45th Regiment consolidated into one field unit with the 23rd Tennessee Infantry Battalion, although separate company muster rolls were maintained. The field oflicers of the consolidated unit were Colonel Anderson Searcy; Lieutenant Colonel Alex Hall, of the 45th; and Major T. W. Newman of the 23rd Battalion. Major Newman was soon again given detached service, and Major Moore, of the 45th, served as major of the combined units.

On November 25, the 45th/23rd was stationed on top of Missionary Ridge, near the tunnel, and held their position until the line to their left was broken, when it retreated to Chickamauga, to Ringgold, to Dalton, Georgia, where it arrived on November 27, 1863. The 45th reported 12 casualties at Missionary Ridge. On December 14, at Dalton, the 45th/23rd reported 232 effectives out of 316 present.

The 45th remained at Dalton, Georgia, until February 5, when it moved to Rome, Georgia, where it was engaged in building fortifications until February 25, when it returned to Dalton. On February 20, 1864, Stevenson's Division was transferred from Hardee's Corps to Hood's Corps. It left winter quarters for line of battle outside Dalton on April 22; fought at Rocky Face May 7; at Resaca, May 14-15; retreated, skirmishing, through Adairsville, Cassville, Cartersville, Powder Springs, Marietta, Peach Tree Creek, and arrived at Atlanta July 31, 1864. From. Atlanta, it moved to Dallas, Georgia, where it was reported August 31, having been under fire for 115 days. On July 26, 1864, the division was transferred to Lieutenant General Stephen D. Lee's Corps.

On November 18, 1864 Brown's and Reynolds' Brigades were consolidated, and Colonel (later brigadier general) Joseph B. Palmer was placed in command of the combined brigade, which, from this time on, was known as Palmer's Brigade. The regiments from Reynolds' Brigade thus added were the 58th and 60th North Carolina, and 54th and 63rd Virginia Infantry Regiments. The 26th Tennessee was added to the field consolidation of the 45th/23rd Battalion, with the combined unit under Colonel Searcy of the 45th. The 58th North Carolina was soon transferred elsewhere, but the other units remained together until the reorganization of General Joseph E. Johnston's Army in North Carolina.

Lee's Corps arrived too late to participate in the Battle of Franklin, November 30, 1864 and Palmer's Brigade was on detached service with General Forrest around Murfreesboro when the Battle of Nashville was fought. However, Palmer's Brigade formed part of the force under Major General E. C. Walthall, which was part of the rear guard of General Hood's Army in its retreat from Tennessee into Mississippi. On January 3, 1865, after the withdrawal from Tennessee had been completed, the 45th reported 37 effectives out of 49 present. On January 19, the 3rd/l8th/ 26th/32nd/45th Regiments and 23rd Battalion, now combined into one field unit, reported 306 effectives out of 471 present.

The brigade moved to North Carolina to join General Joseph E. Johnston, and at Smithfield, North Carolina on March 31, 1865, in the order of battle for Johnston's Army, the 3rd/l8th/32nd/46th/26th Tennessee Regiments and the 23rd Battalion were reported as one unit in Palmer's Brigade. The inclusion of the 46th here was an error, intended for the 45th, as the 46th was also reported in Quarles' Brigade, where it had been all along.

In the final consolidation of Johnston's Army, April 9, 1865, Colonel Searcy, of the 45th, was given command of the Fourth Consolidated Tennessee Infantry Regiment of Palmer's Brigade, which was composed of the 2nd/3rd/l0th/15th/l8th/20th/26th/30th 32nd/37th/45th Tennessee Regiments and the 23rd Tennessee Infantry Battalion. As such, it was surrendered and paroled at Greensboro, North Carolina, May 1, 1865.

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