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Re: 9th Virginia Infantry
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Matt, Since you have only limited internet, I did a cursory search of the text and pulled out as many references to the 9th Virginia that I could find.
A record of events in Norfolk County, Va: from April 19th, 1861, to ... By John W. H. Porter


[April/May 1861] After remaining at the Hospital Point about a week or ten days the Portsmouth Rifle Co was detached from the 3rd Regt & ordered to Pig Point & the Old Dominion Guard was detached & ordered to Pinner's Point to take charge of fortifications, & in June were organized with the 9th Va Regt as Co’s G & K, respectively.

Gen Gov’t only so long as the State was a part of it. New Co’s were organized rapidly. In the city these were:

The Va Defenders, Capt Edward Blamire, afterwards Co. C, 16th Va. Regt, Infy

The Va Arty, Capt James H. Richardson, afterwards Co. D, 9th Va. Infy

Capt John H. Myers' Co, attached as Co. E to the 6th Va. Regt

The Bilisoly Blues afterwards changed to the Rebel Grays, Capt Charles R. McAlpine, Co. I, 61st Va. Infy

The Jackson Arty, Capt V. O. Cassell, which was attached to the 61st Va. Infy as Co. D.

The Bilisoly Blues contained a number of men from the Bowers' Hill section of Norfolk County

Thus there were mustered into the CS service from the city of Portsmouth one Co of light Arty & nine Co’s of Infy, distributed as follows:

Two in the 3d Regt, three in the 9th Regt, one in the 16th Regt, one in the 6th Regt, two in the 61st Regt

The Va Rangers, Co II, 61st Regt, was recruited partly from Portsmouth, though credited here to Norfolk County All of its officers in active service were from the city.

All of those Co’s were large, & five of them, viz., the Portsmouth Rifle Co, Old Dominion Guard, National Grays, Jackson Arty & Portsmouth Light Arty, numbered over one hundred men each.

In addition to those Co’s there were two or three hundred Portsmouth men scattered among other commands. One commanded a NC Bgde, four were field officers in NC Regts, one commanded an Ala Regt, ten were Surgeons in the Army, between forty & fifty were officers in the Navy, they were in full numbers in the Norfolk Light Arty Blues, the Signal Corps & in the Navy, & every man who entered the service from this city was a volunteer. The city was evacuated by the CSs before the conscript law was put into operation, & after it fell into the hands of the Federals, boys arriving at a sufficient age to do military duty made their escape through the Federal lines & joined their fathers & older brothers in the CS Army.

At the beginning of the war there were only two organized volunteer Infy Co’s in Norfolk County, one of which, the Dismal Swamp Rangers, Capt James C. Choat Cdg, was raised in the vicinity of Deep Creek & was attached to the 3rd Regt, & the Norfolk County Rifle Patriots, Capt William H. Etheredge, was raised in the Great Bridge section, it afterwards became Co F, 41st Regt
In the shifting of the Co’s composing the 3rd Regt the Dismal Swamp Rangers became Co A. Like the men of Portsmouth, those of Norfolk County were none the less Virginians, though they had opposed the secession of the State, & when the tocsin of war was sounded, & the Governor called for volunteers to fight the battles of the Commonwealth, there was a Gen rush to arms, & young men & old ones responded to the call. The following Co’s were speedily organized & mustered into service & assigned to Regts in due course of time:
The Craney Island Arty, Capt John T. Kilby, Co. I. 9th Va. Regt
The St. Bride's Arty, Capt George A. Martin, Co. I, 38th Va. Regt
The St. Bride's Cav, Capt John Doyle, Co. F, 15th Va. Cav.
The Jackson Grays, Capt William II. Stewart, Co. A, 61st Va. Regt
The Wilson Guard, Capt John W. M. Hopkins, Co. B, 61st Va. Regt
The Blanchard Grays, Capt John G. Wallace, Co. C, 61st Va. Regt
The Border Rifles, Capt Jetson Jett, Co. E, 61st Va. Regt
The Va Rangers, Capt James C. Choat, Co. H. 61st Va. Regt

--Capt Max Herbert, Co. K, 61st Va. Regt

Quite a number of Norfolk County men living near the Princess Anne County line joined the Princess Anne Cav, Capt Burroughs, Co. I, 15th Va. Cav, while many in the Western Branch section joined the Nansemond Cav, which was attached to the 13th Regt. The Tanner's Creek section contributed a large number of men to the various Co’s which were raised in Norfolk city. Thus it will be seen that Norfolk County contributed fully eleven Co’s to the CS Army. Co. H, 61st Regt, was recruited partly in Portsmouth, & Co. B. 9th Va., was recruited partly in Norfolk County, in the vicinity of Craney Island. The eleven Co’s accredited to the County were thus distributed:
One in the 3d Regt Infy, one in the 9th Regt Infy, one in the 38th Regt Infy, one in the 41st Regt Infy, six in the 61st Regt Infy, one in the 15th Regt Cav.

…to allow her to return. She brought down a large number of Baltimoreans who had taken part in the riot in that city on the 19th of April, when the Massachusetts troops were passing through. Upon their arrival here they organized themselves into a raillery Co, were joined by a number of recruits from Southampton & Norfolk counties, & were assigned to the 9th Va Regt as Co B, & were on duty on Craney Island until May 10th, 1862, when they marched off with the Regt at the evacuation of this section by the CSs. The following were the officers of the Co at Craney Island:

Capt, John D. Myrick of Norfolk.

1st Lt, John O'Donnell of Baltimore.

2nd Lt, -- Parker of Southampton County, Va.

3rd Lt, Benjamin F. Cason of Princess Anne County

…reached Suffolk-The Rifles were then ordered up, placed on the Seaboard & Roanoke RR cars & taken to Weldon, from which point they were carried by rail to Petersburg, arriving there on the 12th, & were quartered on Dunn's Hill.
The 9th Va Regt was here united & organized by the election of field officers, an account which will appear further on. The Portsmouth Rifles became known in the Regt as Co G, &, as in the reorganization of the Regt Capt Owens was elected Major, a new election of officers was held in the Co. Lt Cleaves was elected Capt, which position he held until the close of the war; Lt’s Tonkin & Wood were each advanced one grade, & Orderly Sgt Nathaniel C. Gayle was elected 3d Lt William H. White was elected Orderly Sgt. He was subsequently killed at the battle of Malvern Hill July 1st, 1862


After the fall of Roanoke Island, which took place on the 8th of Feb, 1862, the Federals landed a force of troops at Elizabeth City, N. C., & in April passed over to the opposite side of the Pasquotank River & landed a Bgde, under Gen Reno, in Camden County, & pushed on through that County towards South Mills. The 3d Ga Regt, under Col A. R. Wright, hearing of the approach of the enemy advanced by orders from Hqs to meet them, & in an engagement near South Mills compelled them to fall back to Elizabeth City. The Portsmouth Rifle Co had suffered considerably from malaria in their camp at Pig Point & had been removed to Portsmouth for the purpose of recuperating, & were doing provost duty in the city at the time of Gen Reno's advance, hence, as the Co was immediately available, it was ordered by Gen Blanchard to march to South Mills to reinforce the Virginians. The 1st La Regt & Grimes' Btry from Portsmouth were also sent there as reinforcements, but the fight was over & the enemy had retired before their arrival.

Having accomplished the object for which they had been sent back, they started at 6 o'clock P. M. May 10th & marched to Bower's Hill, where they arrived about 9 o'clock & were camped in the quarters which had been built there by the 3d La Bn, & from which they had moved only a few hours before. The next day, the 11th, the march was resumed, but orders were received by Capt Owens to return a couple of miles back toward Portsmouth as a rear guard for the division, & they kept that distance behind the rest of the troops until they reached Suffolk. The Rifles were then ordered up, placed on the Seaboard & Roanoke RR cars & taken to Weldon, from which point they were carried by rail to Petersburg, arriving there on the 12th, & were quartered on Dunn's Hill.
The 9th Va Regt was here united & organized by the election of field officers, an account which will appear further on. The Portsmouth Rifles became known in the Regt as Co G, &, as in the reorganization of the Regt Capt Owens was elected Major, a new election of officers was held in the Co. Lt Cleaves was elected Capt, which position he held

…one occasion while on picket duty about five miles from Elizabeth City near a farm house on the banks of the Pasquotank river the Co formed the acquaintance of a very pretty young girl about thirteen or fourteen years old, daughter of the gentleman who owned the place. The young lady told them that a short time before then a US gunboat came up the river & stopped in front of the house, that a party of men came ashore from it, & one of them, a soldier, pointed his gun at her with the intention of shooting her, & would have done so had not an officer knocked down the gun with his sword.
After the Co had been on duty a short while at Pig Point Co H (Capt Niblett Cdg), 59th Va Regt, was sent to the Btry as reinforcement. This Co was from Lunenburg County, Va, & afterwards became a part of Wise's Bgde. Camped near them as supports, were the 1st La & the 4th Ga Regts.

Upon being mustered into service the Co was ordered to the Btry at Pinner's Point & was attached to the 9th Va. Regt as Co I, remaining on duty there until the evacuation by the CSs on the 10th of May, 1862, when it marched to Suffolk. At Pinner's Point the Co occupied comfortable quarters which the men built for themselves with lumber furnished by the QM's Dept, but the health of the men was not good in camp, & four of them died in hospital during the year they were there. The Btry at Pinner's Point contained twelve 32 & 68-pounder Dahlgren guns, &, nearer the end of the point, there was another Btry of four 6-inch rifle guns. These were originally 32-pounder Dahlgren guns, & were rifled & banded in the Navy Yard. These two Btrys were manned by Co I & Co K. In rear of the Btrys there were erected two furnaces for heating shot red hot, & also a bomb-proof magazine, but no opportunity presented itself of testing their efficiency as the enemy never appeared before the Btry.
1 In May, 1862, there was a reorganization of the Co, & the men re-enlisted for the war. There was also a slight change in the officers. On account of a disagreement or misunderstanding Lt Wright declined a re-election & enlisted as a private in Co K. 1st Sgt John H. Wright was discharged, at his own request, for the purpose of organizing another Co. In this he succeeded, & became its Capt It was attached to the 61st Va Regt as Co H. Lt Wright was with Co K in the battle of Seven Pines, & was wounded through the fleshy portion of the arm. After recovering from his wound he was appointed Adjt of the 61st Va Regt & died in camp in the fall of 1863 of congestive chill.
At the reorganization of Co I Capt Kilby & 1st Lt Crocker were re-elected & Cornelius M. Dozier was elected 2nd Lt John Arthur was elected 3rd Lt, but failed to qualify or to connect himself with the Co. Private McKemmey Lewis was elected 1st Sgt. After the evacuation of Pinner's Point the Co went to Petersburg & was in camp on Dunn's Hill with the rest of the Regt, but remained there only a few days when it was detached & sent to Btry No. 5 in the fortifications around Richmond. On the 1st of June it was ordered to rejoin the Regt at Seven Pines & marched to that place, but did not reach there until after the battle was over. It missed one other battle, that of Drury's Bluff, which was fought on the 16th of May, 1864, while the Co was absent from the Regt on detached duty, but, with those two exceptions, it participated in all of the battles in which the Regt was engaged.

On the 10th of May the Co received orders to burn their quarters & march with the rest of Huger's Division to the defense of Richmond, & of the one hundred & sixteen men who had been with the Co during its stay at Pinner's Point, though they were leaving behind them their homes, mothers, sisters & sweethearts, soon to fall into the hands of the enemy, not one remained behind. The refusal of Capt Kearns to accept the 1st Ltcy occasioned the promotion of 2d Lt Allen to 1st Lt, 3d Lt Bilisoly to 2d, & Orderly Sgt Robert M. Butler was elected 3d Lt The Co was united with the rest of the 9th Regt at Dunn's Hill, near Petersburg, on the 12th of May, & its identity as a separate organization was lost in that of the Regt Its history then because the history of the Regt It participated in all the battles in which the Regt was engaged except the battle of Drury's Bluff, May 16th, 1864 which took place while Co K & also Co I were temporarily detached from the Regt on other duty, & while so detached was moved to the north side of Richmond to resist the advance of Sheridan's Cav raiders.
Lt Butler resigned after the battle of Seven Pines,

We have traced the histories of Co’s D, G & K, of Portsmouth, & Co I, of Norfolk County, from the beginning of the war until they lost their identity in the organization of the 9th Va Regt of Infy, & as their subsequent record is embraced in that of the Regt, it can be told best by recording the movements & battles in which the Regt was engaged. The actual date of the formation of the Regt has been lost for the reason that the field officers were not originally elected by the Co officers, but were assigned to it by Governor Letcher while the Co’s were stationed in different localities, but the Co’s were assigned to it sometime in June, 1861, & were as follows:

Co A, the McRea Rifles, of Petersburg, Capt James Gilliam.

Co B, the Baltimore Arty, of Baltimore, Capt John D. Myrick.

Co C, the Chesterfield Yellow Jackets, of Chesterfield County, Capt John Mason.

Co D, the Va Arty, of Portsmouth, Capt Wm. J. Richardson.

Co E, the Isle of Wight Blues, of Isle of Wight County, Capt John Shevers.

Co F, Chuckatuck Light Arty, of Nansemond County, Capt James J. Phillips.

Co G, the Portsmouth Rifles, of Portsmouth, Capt John C. Owens.

Co H, the Salem Arty, of Salem, Capt Happ.

Co I, the Craney Island Arty, of Norfolk County, Capt J. T. Kilby.

Co K, the Old Dominion Guard, of Portsmouth, Capt Edward Kearns.

At the time of the formation of the Regt in June, 1861, the Co’s composing it were distributed among the various fortifications around the harbor of Portsmouth & Norfolk, doing duty as heavy artillerists as well as Infy. Co’s A, B, C, D & H were on Craney Island, where the Regtal Hqs were located. Co’s E & F were at Day's Point, Co G was at Pig Point & Co’s I & K were at Pinner's Point. The officers of the Regt, who were assigned to it by Governor Letcher, were Col Francis H. Smith, Lt-Col John T. L. Preston, Major Stapleton Crutchfield, Adjt Thomas Smith. All of these officers were attached to the faculty of the Va Military Institute, & before the evacuation of Portsmouth by the Confederates, Col Smith & Lt-Col Preston were returned to their duties at that institution, & Major Crutchfield was elected Major of the 58th Va Regt After their departure, Lt-Col De Lagnel, of the regular army, commanded the post at Craney Island until the 10th of May, 1862, when it was evacuated, & Major Harden seems to have been in immediate command of the 9th Regt until it assembled at Petersburg on the 12th.
Upon the receipt of orders to evacuate their Btrys, the scattered Co’s of the Regt marched by different roads to Suffolk, & from there were carried by rail to Petersburg & quartered on Dunn's bill to the north of that city, across the Appomattox river, &, on the 21st, orders were received for the Co officers to elect field officers. The election was held the following day, & the officers elected were: Col, Johnston DeLagnel; Lt-Col, D. J. Godwin; Major, James Gilliam.
Col DeLagnel having been appointed to a position which was more satisfactory to him, declined to accept the command of the 9th, & Lt-Col Godwin was promoted to Col, Major Gilliam to Lt Col, & Capt John C. Owens, of the Portsmouth Rifles, was elected Major; Private J. F. Crocker, of Co K, was appointed Adjt, & Private C. T. Phillips, of Co G, Sgt Major; hence all of the field & staff officers, except the Lt Col, were from Portsmouth.
On the 24th of May, Co’s A, D & H were detached from the Regt & sent to man Btrys in the fortifications of Richmond. Co D was ordered back after the battle of Malvern Hill, Co A rejoined in the fall of 1864 on the lines in front of Bermuda Hundreds, but Co H was not with the Regt again. It was given a Btry of field guns & thus was turned from an Infy to a Light Arty Co. Co I, also, was absent on other duty at the battle of Seven Pines. The other Co’s of the Regt remained in camp on Dunn's bill until the 29th, when, With three days' rations, the command was marched at 7 a. m. to the depot in Petersburg to take the cars for Richmond, but remained at the depot until 6 p. m. before the cars were ready for them; & after getting on the ears they were four hours making the twenty-two miles to that city. That night the men made their beds on the grass in the capitol square, & the next morning at 7 o'clock marched to Blakely's farm in Henrico County The Regt was there assigned to Armistead's Bgde, Huger's Division, composed of the 9th, 14th & 53d Va Regts, & the 5th Va Bn, & began in reality the life of a soldier. Up to that time the men had been sheltered in tents or comfortable quarters, & their 1st night in the field was passed amid a terrible down-pour of rain; without shelter of any kind.
On the 31st of May the Regt received orders to march to Seven Pines with the Bgde, & at night slept in a camp of the enemy from which they had been driven during the battle of that day. The Federal dead & wounded lay thick all around them, & the boys enjoyed the lemons, sugar & other delicacies which they found in the deserted camp.

During the month of June a number of small engagements took place in front of that portion of the CS lines held by Huger's Division. On the 20th Sickles' Bgde advanced beyond their entrenchments, but was driven back by the 1st La Regt On the 21st Sickles' Bgde, reinforced by Meagher's Bgde, attempted to advance their positions but the 1st La, 4th Ga & a Regt of NC regulars attacked them & forced them to retire within their original lines. At the same time the 16th Massachusetts, which attempted an advance, was driven back by the 53d Va. The 9th Va had a severe picket fight with the enemy in its front & on the 25th had another skirmish, in which it captured a number of prisoners. The engagement of the 25th was an extensive affair but the 9th Regt was not heavily engaged in it. On the 21st Armistead's Bgde was reinforced by the addition of the 38th Regt, which from that time became permanently attached to it, & on the 28th the 57th Va also was attached to it.

Col John C. Owens was born in Mathews County, Va, March 19th, 1830, & removed to Portsmouth with his parents when quite a small boy. When the war broke out he was Capt of the Portsmouth Rifle Co, one of the best equipped & most popular Co’s in the city. He responded promptly to Governor Letcher's call & was mustered into service with his Co, which numbered more than a hundred men, & was assigned to the 9th Regt as Co G. He commanded the Co at the battle of Pig Point, in which it drove off the U. S. steamer Harriet Lane, June 5th, 1861, & in May, 1862, at the reorganization of the 9th Va Regt was promoted to Major of the Regt He was with the Regt at Seven Pines &, during the Seven Days' battles when Huger's Division was moving down the Charles City road with orders to cut off McClellan's retreat, Major Owens became impatient at the slowness with which the division was being moved, &, fearing that McClellan would slip by before the division reached the place at which it was expected to intercept him,

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