On the Confederate side, most of the fighting was done by BGEN John Bell Hood's Texas Brigade, which consisted on the 1st, 4th, and 5th Texas, and the 18th Georgia. The 18th Georgia seems to have been held in reserve in this action. These units were in the woods to the left of the road leading from Barhamsville to Eltham's Landing. On the right of the road, between it and the river, was the Hampton Legion infantry, with the 14 Georgia and the 16 N.C. in reserve. This brigade was commanded by Colonel Wade Hampton. Major Stephen D. Lee commanded a two battery battalion of artillery which exxchanged a few shots with the Federal gunboats in the York River, but the wooded nature of the country precluded it being of much (if any) use in the infantry skirmishing. Most of the Confederate casualties, and they were not very many, were in the trhee Texas regiments.