Thanks for your reply. I've also noticed the the difference in the amount identified by Chaplain Denny and William Deatherage's request for Sampson's back pay or bounty ... I just assumed they were referring to the same money. Sampson was a private in Company K of the 50th and had not been with the unit very long; $38.00 seems like a pretty good sized sum for back then ... do you know what the typical pay was for a private in the Confederate Army?
I have been in touch with some of the local historians and archivists in Charleston, WV and asked them about possible headquarters or hospital sites that the 50th Va may have used during or immediately after the battle. One possibility is the old Fort Lee area which is somewhat upriver from the juncture of the Elk and Kanawha. At the time of the battle, there was an August Ruffner family that owned a house in this area; there are some references to Union Col. Lightburn initially used the Ruffner house as a headquarters before he was forced to retreat through town.
In McCausland's report in the Official Records, he states that while he had the 22nd, 23rd, 50th, and 63rd regiments pushing the Federals through town, he had some of his artillery, the cavalry, and the 36th regiment held in reserve, "stationed in the road, near the river". The road McCausland would be referring to was the James River and Kanawha pike which followed the Kanawha river to a point just above the Elk river.
Any way, I feel like I'm really close to identifying where Rev. Denny may have had Sampson buried, I just haven't quite got there yet.
Great Great Nephew of Sampson H. Deatherage