A Great Southern Fair.- The people of the South are busy preparing for a Fair to be held in Macon, Georgia, in December, which is intended “to revolutionize the present unnatural commerce of the South.” Mr. Joseph Barknere, agent of the Cotton Planters’ Association of Georgia, is now in Ghent Belgium, and a letter from him, dated August 18th, and published in the Macon (Geo.) Telegraph, shows that his efforts to establish a direct trade between Georgia and Belgium have been quite successful. He is inducing the Belgian manufacturers of carpets, paper hangings, cottonets, etc., to send goods to the Macon Fair, and he has obtained many promises. There will therefore be a handsome representation of foreign manufactured goods in the exhibition.
A lawyer at White Sulphur Springs, Va., who had been on a spree, drank two bottles of cologne and died. His memory is undoubtedly fragrant.
Bowdoin College, in Maine, has conferred the degree of LL.D., upon Jefferson Davis, the Mississippi Senator. The Boston Bee seems to think that the faculty intend to win Mississippi over to northern institutions by degrees.
The War Department has relieved Captain Meigs from all duties assigned him in special orders of July. He is directed to turn over immediately to Capt. Bonham, Chief Engineer of the Washington Aqueduct, all the books, money, plans, etc., pertaining to the same, in his possession. Capt. Meigs is also relieved from the charge of the construction of Fort Madison , and is assigned to the construction of Fort Jefferson, at Gardner Keys, Florida, and will enter upon his duty as soon as possible.
Destructive Fire at Fort Smith.- On Thursday morning last a fire broke out in this place, which resulted in the destruction of the City Hotel and the Garrison Block. The value of the buildings destroyed was about $100,000. In addition to the above, the loss sustained by the destruction of furniture, etc., will reach $51,000. The post office was destroyed with 4000 letters and the …mail for Memphis. The entire loss by this disastrous conflagration is fully $200,000. The origin of the fire is not known, but supposed to be the work of an incendiary.
Mississippi Arming.- The Yazoo Banner reports Gov. Pettus as having said upon the streets of Yazoo City that he had not only drawn from the State Treasury the two hundred thousand dollars appropriated by the last Legislature to purchase arms and ammunition, but that he had ordered more than they could purchase, giving his receipts as Governor of the State for the amount overdrawn. Will anybody, with these facts before them, maintain that the Government of Mississippi is not preparing to go out of the Union? What are we coming to? Is it true that the Governor of this State is squandering the people’s money for “munitions of war” without authority? And all this money is being spent in Yankeedom! Yes, fellow citizens, it is an actual fact that your money which is being spent in “arming” the State against the General Government, is being spent in the North. Do you mind that?- Vicksburg Whig.
Nothing In It.- The report that the negroes in and about Holly Springs, Miss., contemplated a rising on the night of the 15 inst., turns out to be but little better than a Rhoorback. The citizens of the place armed themselves and patrolled the streets, but the whole “affair was so insignificant and groundless” that all alarm quickly and completely subsided. So we learn from the Holly Springs Herald.
The Turkish Slave Trade.- The Bombay correspondent of the London Morning Post says:
An order has been promulgated for the suppression of the slave trade between the Turkish possessions in Arabia and those of Africa. If this be enforced, it is feared that disturbances similar to those which succeeded the massacre at Jeddo will ensue. The traffic in slaves of late has assumed a most revolting character. Not content with the profits derived from the sale of Abyssinnian and Galla slaves, the Somaties have this year been selling their own daughters. Not less than 140 slaves, chiefly young slaves, have been rescued by one of her Majesty’s ships, and nearly 800 more have been taken to Berbera, the liberation of whom it was impossible to effect: but measures were adopted to prevent their exportation.
Incendiaries About.- Our citizens would do well to keep a sharp look out for incendiaries. The fire on Tehoupitoulas street, on Friday night, we have strong reasons to believe, was kindled by some rascally incendiary, while the one on Apollo street, on Saturday, commenced in an unoccupied building, which fact shows conclusively that it was not the result of accident.
At 12 o’clock on Saturday fire started in the grocery store of Martin & Croft, at the corner of Bolivar and Lafayette streets. The place was destroyed, and also two double one story tenements belonging to John Tobey- loss about $5,000.
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The steasmhip Adriatic, from Havre and Southampton on the 13th inst., with three days' later European advices, arrived off Sandy Hook about 11 o'clock last night, and reached her dock before 1 o'clock this morning. The advices are highly important. GARIBALDI had entered Naples, accompanied only by his staff, and had been received in the most enthusiastic manner by the people. The Ex-King was still at Gaeta, and some doubt existed as to whether he would eventually go to Spain or to Austria. The insurrections still continued in the Papal States, and Sardinia was still making preparations for intervention.
The steamship Ariel, from Aspinwall on the 15th inst., arrived at this port yesterday morning. The advices from California, anticipated by the Overland Mail, are to the 1st inst., and the treasure list reaches $1,202,675. By this arrival we receive ten days' later news from New-Granada, and a fortnight's later news from the different Central and South American States. In New-Granada the revolution still goes on without either party gaining any decisive advantage. Seven out of eight States of the Confederation are now in open revolt against the General Government. Our correspondent furnishes full particulars of the progress of the war. In Costa Rica, Ex-President MORA's popularity is on the increase, and there are prospects of a civil commotion at no very distant date. From other Central American States the news is unimportant. The civil war in Ecuador appears to be drawing to a close, owing, it is said, to the inability of FRANCO to compete with FLORES. The exequator of the American Consul at Guayaquil had been revoked. Owing to the vacillating conduct of Mr. BUCHANAN's Administration, the American claims against Peru are still unadjusted. The wreck of the Boston ship Chatsworth on the Chilian coast is reported.
The steamship Bienville, from New-Orleans on the 15th and Havana on the 18th inst., arrived at this port on Saturday afternoon. There is nothing new from Havana. The United States steamer Crusader, en route for Cuba, was spoken on the 18th inst. by the Bienville. Havana papers, received to the 15th inst. inclusive, make no mention of the fact that WALKER had been shot by the Honduran authorities. This news, it will be remembered, was brought to New-Orleans by the Cahawba, which left Havana on the 18th inst., and is supposed to have been brought from Truxillo by the Spanish war steamer Francisco de Asis.
The steamship City of Washington, Capt. JEFFREY, left on Saturday for Queenstown and Liverpool, with 52 passengers in the cabin, and 194 in the steerage. She carried out $14,761 in specie. The steamer Illinois, Capt. TERRY, left at the same hour for Havre, with 171 passengers, and $448,362 53 in specie.
Judging from the first accounts which reach us in the New-Orleans papers, the gale of Friday and Saturday, the 14th and 15th inst., was the most terrible and destructive which has ever swept over the Gulf of Mexico. The wind blew from the southeast, and seemingly gathering force with its continuance, raged for a longer period than is usual with the equinoxial hurricanes. The City of New-Orleans itself was spared, but the Gulf was swept with terrific violence, and the losses to citizens must be immense. All along the coast the wharves, bathing-houses and other buildings were swept away, and the whole shore, after the subsidence of the gale, was strewn with debris. The watering-places across Lake Pontchartrain, were also great sufferers. Of these, Biloxi was the most ruthlessly dealt with -- the market-house, hotels, and some sixty other buildings, being entirely destroyed, involving a loss of nearly $200,000. The whole vicinity, in fact, presents a scene of general desolation. In addition to all this is the damage to the shipping, of which it is yet impossible to form any estimate.
One calamity is followed by another in New-Orleans. On Friday night a number of liquor-stores on Tchoupitoulas-street, between Lafayette and Girod, were burnt. In the upper story of one of them was stored a large quantity of spirits, which exploded, blowing over a large building on the corner of Tchoupitoulas-street. Forty or fifty persons were buried in the ruins, of whom fifteen were killed and several others wounded. A square of the city was also burnt on Saturday morning.
LA MOUNTAIN, the balloonist, has had another perilous adventure. He made an ascent from Albany, and traveled at the rate of a mile a minute for about thirty miles, when he attempted to land at East Lanesboro', Mass. He was caught in a tornado, and dashed against a stone wall with such violence as to knock him senseless. The balloon, however, cleared the wall, and dragged at a fearful rate of speed for a considerable distance, until it finally collapsed, being torn nearly to tatters. LA MOUNTAIN was thrown out, and remained unconscious for half an hour, though he was immediately taken care of by some persons who witnessed his perilous descent. He was terribly bruised, though fortunately none of his bones were broken.
An explosion of fire-damp occurred in a coal mine at Pittston, Penn., on Saturday, which caused the greatest excitement. Six men were in the mine at the time, all of whom, however, with the exception of one, managed to escape.
Iberia, Morrow County, Ohio, was on Thursday last the scene of a fugitive slave excitement. The United States Marshals went from Cincinnati to arrest three negroes who had escaped from Germantown, Ky. The succeeded, however, in securing but one of them -- being prevented from arresting the others by the interference of the citizens. A desperate affray occurred, in which firearms were used, though no person was killed.
On Saturday, in company with the Mayor of Chicago, the Prince of Wales visited one of the great grain elevators, and subsequently drove through the city. In the afternoon, after exhibiting himself to the people on the balcony of the hotel, he took a special train for Dwight's Station, where he proposes to spend the time until Wednesday in hunting.