Militia commands organized under state authority. The 1st Louisiana Native Guards
1st Native Gds LA Infantry Militia
1st Native Guards Militia
Felix Labatut, Colonel
Henry D. Ogden, Lt. Col.
S. St. Cyr, Major
Beauegard Native Guards
Crescent City NG Co. A, 1st Regt. Native Guards La Militia
Economy NG, Capt. H. Louis Rey's Company
Meschacebe NG, Capt. Armand Lamusse's Company
Native Guards Capt. La_?_net
Order NG A Co., of 1st Regt. Native Guards
Perseverance NG also called " Co. of Native Guards
Savary Guards La Militia 1st Regt. NG
Turcos NG also called Ogden Native Guards, Capt. Alcide Lewis' Company
Capt. Louis Laineq Co. 1st Regt. Native Guards
Young Creole NG, Capt. Ludgese Boguille's Company
Mississippi Native Guards, Capt. M. Dupart's Company
1st Regiment Native Guards, Louisiana Militia
Morning Report January 10, 1862 stationed at New Orleans
The number of absentees is large owing to the fact that many have not their uniforms.
The Companies of Capt Bacchus 60 men, Capt Dupart 67 men & Capt. Lewis 76 men were not represented their uniforms were not ready.
Total rank & file 1022
Young Creole Native Guards, November 23, 1861, stationed at New Orleans
_____ Bogville, Captain, stationed at New Orleans
N. J. Bacchus, Captain, Perseverance Company (N. J. Bacchus, Capt.)*, (Labatut's Reg't) Native Guards, Louisiana Militia
"The State of Louisiana. -- The undersigned residents of __________ have formed a company of _____________ called the ______________ for active service within the State. We pledge ourselves to attend the drills whenever ordered; to obey all orders punctually, and perform all the duties assigned to us diligently and promptly. Subject to all orders from our superior officers."
Roll dated ____not dated ______
Note: "The name of the company is Perserverance."___
* A morning report of the 1st Regiment Louisiana Native Guards, dated January 10, 1862, shows the organization as a part of that regiment_
Capt. Bacchus' name appears on a return on parade November 23, 1861
Henry D. Ogden, Lieutenant Colonel, Labatut's Regiment Native Guards**, on parade November 23, 1861, listed on a Morning Report at New Orleans January 20, 1862
** This regiment subsequently became 1st Regiment Native Guards, Louisiana Militia___
M320: Compiled Service Records of Confederate Soldiers Who Served in Organizations from the State of Louisiana
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
1st Louisiana Native Guard (CSA)
For the Union Army regiment, see 1st Louisiana Native Guard.
1st Louisiana Native Guard (Confederate)
Active May 2, 1861–February 15, 1862
Country Confederate States of America
Branch Confederate Militia, American Civil War
The 1st Louisiana Native Guard (CSA) was a Confederate Louisiana militia of "free persons of color" formed in 1861 in New Orleans, Louisiana. It was disbanded in February 1862; some of the members joined the Union Army's 1st Louisiana Native Guard regiment (later the 73rd Regiment Infantry U.S. Colored Troops).
Confederate Louisiana militia
Shortly after Louisiana's secession, a new militia regiment formed on May 2, 1861, consisting mostly of "free persons of color" Creole French Speakers (gens de couleur) between the ages of 15 and 50. At that time, an estimated 10,000 African American residents of the state of Louisiana and the city of New Orleans had gained their freedom. This regiment was also called the Louisiana Native Guard. Though ten per cent of its members would later join the Union Army's 1st Louisiana Native Guard, the two were separate military units.
André Cailloux**, who later became a hero of the Siege of Port Hudson as a Union officer, served as a lieutenant in this Confederate Louisiana militia regiment of the Native Guard. The militia unit was the first of any North American unit to have African-American officers.
** 1st Lieutenant, Order Native Guards. (Charles Sentmanat, Capt.) recorded on a morning report of the 1st Regiment Native Guards, dated January 10, 1862 [This
is the one and only card in his file]
The South did not use this Confederate Native Guard regiment in any military action, and failed to provide it with uniforms or arms. Most of the men in the unit used their own resources to obtain weapons and uniforms which were displayed in a parade in New Orleans on January 8, 1862. It was largely considered part of the Confederacy's "public relations" campaign. The Native Guard tried to gain notoriety by offering their service to escort Union prisoners, captured from Manassas, through New Orleans. Despite the Confederacy choosing white militiamen instead, the Native Guard still participated in two other grand reviews. When the Louisiana State Legislature passed a law in January 1862 that reorganized the militia by conscripting “all the free white males capable of bearing arms… irrespective of nationality”, the 1st Louisiana Native Guard was also affected. It was forced to disband on February 15, 1862, and many of its white officers reassigned to the new Confederate regiments.
Companies of the Confederate 1st Louisiana Native Guard prior to disbanding in 1862:
Company Name Commander Peak Strength Notes
Native Guards Capt. St. Albin Sauvinet 85 men
Savary Native Guards Capt. Joseph Joly 85 men
Beauregard Native Guards Capt. Louis Golis 52 men
Young Creole Native Guards Capt. Ludger B. Boquille 76 men
Labatut Native Guards Capt. Edgar C. Davis 110 men
Mississippi Native Guards Capt. Marcelle Dupart 64 men
Economy Native Guards Capt. Henry Louis Rey 100 men
Meschacebe Native Guards Capt. Armand Lanusse 90 men
Order Native Guards Capt. Charles Sentmanat 90 men
Crescent City Native Guards Capt. Virgil Bonseigneur 63 men
Perseverance Native Guards Capt. Noel J. Bacchus 60 men
Louisiana Native Guards Capt. Louis Lainez 75 men
Ogden Native Guards Capt. Alcide Lewis 85 men a.k.a Turcos Native Guards
Plauche Guards Capt. Jordan Noble 100 men
Total 1,135 men
^ Louisiana Fast Facts and Trivia
^ Bergeron, Arhur W., Jr. Louisianans in the Civil War, "Louisiana's Free Men of Color in Gray", University of Missouri Press, 2002, p. 105-106.
^ Bergeron, Arthur W., Jr. Louisianans in the Civil War, "Louisiana's Free Men of Color in Gray", University of Missouri Press, 2002, p. 106-107.
Hollandsworth, James G., The Louisiana Native Guards, LSU Press, 1996.
Tretheway, Natasha. Native Guard.Houghton-Mifflin, 2006.__